Student Timeline for Federal Government Careers

During your collegiate experience you can prepare yourself for a federal career after graduation. You can use this year-to-year timeline as a guide to getting yourself ready for a career in public service.

 


Freshman Year: Inquiry and Awareness

It’s your first year in college! This can be an overwhelming time for you, maybe your first time living away from home. The transition can be very stressful. First year students may still be undecided about their focus and major. This year you should try to find yourself by engaging in different campus activities, workshops, and classes. In addition, you should familiarize yourself with CDS resources.

  • Choose a major that fits your interests and personality. Take Strong Interest Inventory and Type Focus assessment online to help you with decision making. Visit our curricular advisor if you are unsure of your major.
  • Start researching different agencies in the federal government that have opportunities related to your major. ( What Can I Do in Federal Government With a Major In? Usa.gov, Making the difference.org )
  • Participate in campus activities and community service that will develop transferable skills for your resume.
  • Create a resume and have it critiqued by advisors in CDS.
  • Talk to individuals you know who are affiliated or employed by the federal government.
  • Network! Get to know faculty, an academic advisor, and administrators who have received federal grants.
  • Look at government-wide career/ intern opportunities through the Pathways for Students and Recent Graduates Program.
  • Familiarize yourself with the CDS federal government homepage and Making the Difference website.

 


Sophomore Year: Assessment and Exploration
Just finished your first year of college! So many things can change in a year. In your second year, follow these steps if you’re still interested in the federal government.

  • If you haven’t already taken the Strong Interest Inventory and Type Focus assessment online, be sure to do so to help identify your interests, skills, abilities, and values. Check with your career advisor to help you interpret the results.
  • Continue to research the Federal Government agencies. (USA.gov)
  • Research specific occupations offered by agencies, and learn about their requirements and qualifications (read carefully!)
  • Update your resume. Be sure to tailor your resume to reflect skills required for specific jobs that you identify.
  • Continue to develop your skills through classroom experiences and volunteering.
  • Apply for internships with the federal government, to gain a foothold in an agency for the future. Best time to apply is in the fall if you are seeking a summer internship.
  • Check with your career advisor for helpful tips and to review your career plan.
  • Continue to use CDS federal government webpages.

 

 


Junior Year: Testing Career Decision

In your third year of college you should have a better idea of what you can do with your major. During your freshman and sophomore years you have been developing some skills and abilities through academics, volunteering, and work experience. Junior year is the time to focus on finding a major-related internship.

  • Continue to develop pertinent skills (leadership, team playing, communication, etc.) through classroom and extracurricular activities.
  • Attend NJIT Career Fair and other fairs that include federal agencies.
  • Attend federal government workshops and panel discussions on campus.
  • Network with federal government representatives who come to campus and friends who were hired by the government.
  • Schedule a practice interview.

 


Senior Year: Job Search

Congratulations, graduation candidate! You have almost completed your college career and this realization can be both exhilarating and stressful. This year you will be completing major projects and searching for a full time job. In your senior year you should be focused on applying for federal government jobs and crafting your resume to show off your skills. Let them know you’re the best candidate for the job!

  • Search for jobs on www.usajobs.gov, to explore current job openings.
  • Search on the website of agencies where you have a particular interest. ( Use USA.gov as a resource).
  • Attend NJIT Career Fair and federal government career fairs.
  • Learn techniques for articulating your strengths to representatives. Schedule a practice interview with your career advisor if you haven't done so already.
  • Research how to submit a good application, and make sure you understand and meet the required qualifications. Be aware that each job application process can be different. Use your career advisor as a resource.
  • Start application process early and pay close attention to DEADLINES!

 

CDS has the resources and links you need on our federal website homepage. This will save time and make the search a little easier. Remember we are here to help. Please feel free to contact your CDS counselor for additional assistance.

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Graduate School Information

Determining if Graduate School is Right for You

Making the decision to attend graduate school is one that should not be taken lightly.  You should ask yourself what has motivated you to consider graduate school.  Are you looking to specialize in a subject of personal or professional interest? Do you want to develop expertise in a particular subject or field to maximize your future earning potential and opportunities for career advancement?

Depending upon your career goals, graduate school may be required for entry.  Careers such as academia, law, medicine, or banking often require graduate degrees.  For other fields, such as engineering, technology, or business, graduate school is not required for an entry-level position, but can be beneficial.

If you are unsure of your career choice, you should delay graduate school until you are more focused.  Also, it is not a good idea to attend graduate school for the purpose of delaying a job search or to please someone else.

Gathering Information on Graduate Programs

It is important to gather enough information to make an informed decision about what school and program you will attend before investing a great deal of your time and money.  It is recommended that you build an initial list of 50-100 possible schools.  Consider schools across the country, and if possible, do not limit yourself geographically.  Listed below are some sources for learning about graduate schools.

 

  • The Graduate Guide is a comprehensive guide to graduate school programs including distance learning, financial aid sources and veterans education..
  • Petersons Online at www.petersons.com or in print in a multiple volume collection.  Volumes include Peterson’s Guide for Graduate Schools in Physical Sciences and Engineering, Humanities and Social Sciences, and Biological Sciences.  The print volumes offer detailed descriptions of many schools and programs by discipline.  The website offers similar information plus information about services to prepare for graduate school including test preparation, online applications, admission standards, and financial aid information.
  • US News and World Report has ranking articles and interactive tools to compare programs in business, law, engineering, medicine, education, and more.  Also US News publishes a print issue dedicated to ranking graduate schools and their programs.
  • Vault.com. A good resource for programs and admission standards. Also includes personal stories from students who attend or have attended different schools.
  • Grad Profiles contains in depth information about graduate school and information about programs of study, including degree requirements, facilities, expenses, financial aid, faculty research, etc.
  • GradSource provides comprehensive information about graduate study in the fields of engineering and computer science.  Includes information about programs in the USA.
  • CareerTech offers online graduate school programs and a directory of continuing education programs.
  • Professors - All of your professors attended graduate school at one time.  Ask for suggestions from them about which programs you should explore.  They may know colleagues in some of the programs you are considering.
  • Parents & Friends - Parents and friends can be a valuable resource when exploring potential graduate school opportunities.  They may have friends or colleagues that can direct you to programs in your field of interest. 
  • Graduate Students in Your Field - Ask professors for names of alumni who have attended graduate school in your field.  You can contact those alumni for advice on programs.  Also, if you visit any schools that are of interest to you, make sure to ask to speak to a current student.  They can provide essential information about the school and its program from a student perspective.
  • Professional Journals - Note which faculty members are publishing in professional journals or textbooks in your area of specialization and the programs with which they are affiliated.  This can provide you with additional information about a potential school of interest.
  • Published Ratings - As mentioned above, US News and World Reports publishes periodic ratings of graduate schools and their programs.  It is a good idea to consult a variety of ratings resources for comparison.  Be aware that these resources can be biased toward research-oriented institutions.
  • Career Center - You can visit your career center to learn more about graduate schools and programs that meet your career goals.  Also, the Career Center contains print materials that describe different graduate programs, law schools, and medical schools across the country. 
  • Other Ratings Sources:
    • Education and Social Science Library:  College and University Ratings
    • PhDs.org Graduate Program Rankings
    • Business Week: Best B-Schools

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Research and Compare Schools
Aside from basics such as geographic location and admission requirements, consider the following questions when selecting the graduate school program that is best for you.

  • Admission Standards
    • How strict are the admission standards for the department to which I am applying?
    • Do I have to take an entrance exam?  If so, which one?
    • What is the average score of students who are accepted?
    • What is the average undergraduate GPA of students who are accepted?
    • Have I completed all required undergraduate coursework?
    • Is experience in the work world a requirement?
  • Approach
    • Does the department take a specialized or more generalist approach to its subject matter? 
    • Which type of approach is more in line with my goals and needs?
  • Size of Department
    • How many full-time/part-time faculty work for the department?
    • Do faculty members give individualized attention? 
    • What is the student/faculty ratio of the department?
  • Reputation
    • What is the reputation of the institution as a whole?
    • What is the reputation of the department to which I am applying?
    • What is the reputation of individual faculty members?
  • Teaching Methods
    • Is there an emphasis on research?
    • Are field placements/experiences incorporated into the curriculum?
    • Do I share an interest in any faculty member’s area of research?
    • What are the opportunities to participate in research projects that interest me?
    • Time commitment/attrition
    • How long does it take to complete the program?
    • How many students drop out before completion?
    • Can the program be completed as a part-time student?
    • Is there an option for MS/PhD combined? 
      You should ask current students in the program for realistic answers to these questions.
      You cannot rely only on the information that is provided in the school's literature.
  • Size of the Institution
    • How many graduate students attend the institution?
    • What is the normal class size?
    • Would I be comfortable there?
  • Student Body
    • What is the general age of the student population?
    • How diverse is the student body?
    • Are there organizations/clubs for graduate students?
  • Facilities
    • How comprehensive is the library? To what databases, CDs, journals, etc., do they have access?  How many volumes in my field do they carry?
    • Would I be able to access original research?
    • Are the computer centers adequate?
    • Are the labs adequate for the research I will be conducting?
  • Cost of School, Financial Aid, and Scholarships
    • How much are tuition and fees per year?
    • Is there financial aid available?
    • Are there research/ teaching assistantships available to help offset the costs?
    • Am I eligible for a loan?
    • Do I qualify for work-study programs?
    • Are there scholarships available?
      Never rule out a school or a program because of cost.  There are many ways to help offset the cost of graduate school.  It can sometimes cost less to attend the school of your choice after you have explored all types of aid, scholarships, and assistantships available.
  • Employment After Graduation
    • What is the percentage of graduates who obtain employment after graduation?
    • What types of jobs do graduates from my program obtain?
    • Where are they working?
      It is important to consider the cost of living in the area when weighing the total expenses.  Remember to research all options on-campus and off-campus.
  • Housing and Living Expenses
              In addition to tuition and fees you will have to pay for living expenses when you attend         
              graduate school.
    • Are there on-campus housing options for graduate students?   What is the cost?
    • Are there dining facilities available?  What is the cost?
    • What is the average cost of off-campus rent in the area I wish to attend graduate school?
    • Would I prefer to live alone or with a roommate?
    • Does the school assist me with finding a place to live?
    • Is there separate housing for married students?

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Ranking and Narrowing Your List of Schools

After you have researched the schools that you are interested in, you can now rank schools to determine to which ones you wish to apply.  You should consider your personal interest in the school/program as well as the likelihood that you will be accepted into the program since all schools and departments have admission requirements. 

As a general rule, you can break schools up into three different categories:

  • “I don’t think I have a good chance for admission, but I am really interested in attending this school.”  These are your “reach schools.”
  • “I have a fairly good chance for admission.”  These are your “possible” schools.
  • “I will definitely be accepted.”  These are your “safe” schools.

You should try to apply to 2-3 schools in each category.  Since you have already researched different admission standards and requirements through speaking with departments and students as well as through researching different web sites, you should have a good idea about which schools fall into each of these categories.  Once you have decided where to apply, it is time to start the application process.

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The Application Process

Each school has different procedures and requirements as part of the application process.  It is important for you to pay attention to the instructions as provided by each school.  Applications that are not completed fully and correctly are not processed.  You can hurt your chances of being selected by a school if you fail to follow all instructions properly.

Many schools allow you to apply on-line for graduate study.  You can visit a school’s graduate admissions page for information on how to do this.  Also, you may still be able to apply through a paper application.  The best way to obtain a paper application is to call or write to the schools that you are interested in or it might be available to complete or download online.

Application requirements generally include a minimum GPA; particular scores on standardized tests such as the GRE, LSAT, GMAT, or LCAT; official transcripts from your undergraduate school; letters of recommendation; an application essay; and a nonrefundable application processing fee.  The amount of weight given to each of these factors will vary by school and program. 

It is important to note all deadlines.  Make a file noting all admission requirements and deadlines for applications.  Get your materials in to the schools on time and check with the schools at least three weeks before their final deadlines to ensure that they have received all of your application materials.

Application Materials

  • Graduate School Exams
    Most graduate schools do require some type of an entrance exam.  The most common exams are:
    • GRE—Required for most Master’s and PhD programs
    • GMAT—Required for MBA programs
    • LSAT—Required for law school
    • MCAT—Required for medical school
    • TOEFL--  May be required for International Students

Remember that the deadlines for registering for each of these tests are usually far in advance of the actual test date.  Some tests are only given a few times a year so it important to plan accordingly.

  • Test Prep
    Scores on these tests are an important part of the admissions process.  If you wish to look into test preparation courses, you can visit the following sites:
  • Letters of Recommendation
    Many schools require at least 3-4 letters of recommendation as part of the application process.  You should obtain your letters of recommendation early since this can be a time consuming process. It is important for you to plan to have references that can speak and write of your accomplishments and skill sets. Here is a guide to help to ensure that you will be able to submit strong letters of recommendation with your graduate school applications.
    • Make a conscious effort to develop and cultivate relationships with your professors, employers, supervisors, business associates and other individuals who will be able to speak highly of your past work experiences and academic accomplishments. You should try to have a number of people who know you well enough to provide information about your skills, knowledge and abilities.
    • Ask the individual you have chosen if they are willing to serve as reference for you. Ask them if they will provide you with a positive recommendation. Never give out a person's name without asking permission first.
    • Give all your references plenty of time to write letters of recommendation for you. Do not wait until only a few weeks before the application deadline to approach your references.
    • You should try to make it easy for a reference to write a letter of recommendation. Provide each reference with a copy of your resume and a copy of your personal statement. Also try to fill out any part of the recommendation form provided by the graduate school that you can. Provide references with school-addressed stamped envelopes so that they can easily send all letters of recommendation and forms to the appropriate schools.
    • Be sure to thank all of your references for taking the time to assist you with your letters of recommendation. Write each reference a thank you note and keep them informed of your progress.
  • Grades and Transcripts
    • Your undergraduate GPA is an important part of the application evaluation process.   You must be honest about your cumulative GPA and include it on your application and other required correspondence you have with the graduate schools to which you are applying. 
    • If you have a low GPA, however, try to determine if there were specific circumstances that may have led to it.  For example, you had a death in the family, an illness, or a tough freshman year.  If your GPA has continually improved, you can mention that on an application and in an essay.  You can also calculate your major GPA and include that along with your cumulative GPA if your major GPA is higher.
    • Most schools require an official transcript from your undergraduate university that verifies the classes you have completed and the grades you received.  You should contact NJIT’s Office of the Registrar for information about how to send official transcripts to each school to which you are applying.  An official transcript must be sealed and have the school’s official logo.  A printed or unofficial copy from the internet is not acceptable.
  • Applications
    • Completing the graduate school application completely and correctly is an essential part of applying to graduate school.  Applications can be completed in paper form or online depending on the school to which you are applying.  In either case, you should never leave any part of the application blank.  It should be filled out clearly, accurately, and free of typographical and grammatical errors. Be sure to spell out your full, legal name on all application materials.
    • Applications may ask you to include information about your academic and professional background.  This can include information about all schools that you have attended, past employers, publications, leadership roles that you have held, and professional associations in which you are a member.  Some graduate schools also require a resume as an additional piece of information.
  • The Personal Essay
    • One of the most important parts of any application to graduate school is the personal essay or statement of purpose essay.   It measures your ability to communicate through writing.  It is important to read all instructions carefully since some schools will ask very general questions whereas others are more specific.  For example, one school may ask you for a statement about your character and qualities.  Another school may ask you to describe your particular research interests.  No matter what the topic, it is important to remember these key points:
      • Be sure to use a strong opening that will catch the reader’s attention.  Stay away from clichéd statements such as “I have always known that I wanted to be an….” or “Ever since I was a child, I wanted to…”  You must show a graduate school how your interest in a particular field of study has developed over time.  Show what you have done to prepare yourself and how this graduate program will help you to reach your future goals.
      • Use strong examples of why you are a top candidate to enter this graduate school.  What separates you from other applicants?  Include anything that will show the admissions committee that you are a unique individual who will offer something to the program.
      • Most applications will state how long the essay should be or provide you a specific amount of space in which you should write.  Keep your essay to the specified length.  A longer essay can work against you.  The admissions committee will evaluate your essay based on quality, not quantity.
      • Use at least a 10 point type font or larger when typing your essay.
      • Proofread and check the spelling in your essay.  Ask family/friends/professors to proofread it for you as well.  It must be perfect with no errors.
  • Additional Web Sites to Help You Prepare Your Essay
    • Purdue OWL. The Purdue University Online Writing Lab includes information about how to best write the personal statement.  Includes questions to ask yourself and sample essays.
    • AdmissionsEssays.com is a comprehensive site that provides information on how to write graduate school essays.  Sample essays can also be viewed.  In addition,  essay writing services can be purchased for a fee.
    • EssayEdge.com includes links to an Essay Help Course to assist with learning the basics of writing admissions essays.  This site also includes links to sample essays in a variety of disciples. Essay writing services can be purchased for a fee. 

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Paying for Graduate School
At first glance, graduate school can seem very expensive.  You may ask yourself how you could pay a new set of tuition, fees, and housing costs.  To afford graduate school, there are a number of sources of aid that are available.  What you need to do is to evaluate the cost of the school and factor in the available resources that you may have access to. 

  • Financial Support
    There are three basic types of financial support available to graduate students. Not all these resources are available at all schools. Students may not receive all types of aid, either. It is important for you to do the research on what type of aid is available at the schools you are considering.
    • Assistantships- Most assistantships come in the form of Research Assistants (RA) or Teaching Assistants (TA).  As an RA, you would generally assist a member of the faculty with their research initiatives. As a TA, you would assist with facilitating one or more sections of an undergraduate course.  This can include teaching, grading, and leading discussion groups.  Generally, both RA and TA positions require about 20 hours of work per week and will help cover tuition costs.  You may also receive a stipend through one these positions.  The department you are attending or the general graduate school office can give you information about whether TA or RA positions are available and how you should apply.
    • Fellowships and Grants - These monetary awards do not require work commitments and are typically given to students who have shown that they have academic merit.  You should investigate on your own for sources of fellowships and grants.  Your local bookstore or library will usually carry books that list where you can apply to fellowships and grants.
    • Loans - A common way that many students pay for part of their graduate school education is through federal and state loan programs.  Two of the most common loan programs are Perkins Loans and Stafford Loans.  These loans need to be paid back with interest once you complete your graduate study.  Usually you will apply for loans through a school’s financial aid office, so be sure to contact that office of all the schools you are interested in attending.
    • Other Resources - Some companies offer tuition reimbursement programs to their employees.  Usually Human Resources can provide you with information about how this benefit is administered at your company.
  • Websites About Paying for Graduate School
    • FinAid is a student’s comprehensive guide to learning all about the financial aid process.
    • FAFSA is the official financial aid website for the US Department of Education.  Here you can download a free online form to file a Free Application for Federal Student Aid.
    • FastAid is where you can find scholarship information that is not easily found on the web.  The information is updated daily.
    • e-Scholar from The United States Office of Personnel Management (OPM) is a website that provides all students (high school and higher), parents, and career professionals information on different educational opportunities offered by Federal Government departments and agencies, or partnering organizations.
    • Nextstudent provides information about financial aid options, including fellowships and graduate student loans for graduate students.

Timeline for Applying to Graduate School

18 Months Before You Begin Graduate School

  • Research schools and programs that are of interest to you.
  • Visit schools that are of interest to you.
  • Register and study to take the appropriate graduate admissions test
  • Talk to family, friends, and professors about good programs in your field of interest
  • Begin to investigate financial aid options including scholarships and fellowships

15 Months Before You Begin Graduate School

  • Take the appropriate graduate admissions test
  • Obtain application materials from the schools to which you plan to apply.
  • Check application deadlines and procedures once you receive the application materials

12 Months Before You Begin Graduate School

  • Determine who you wish to ask to write letters of recommendation
  • Obtain the letters and write thank you notes to all references
  • Obtain official transcripts
  • Send in completed application
  • Take or re-take graduate admissions test

6 Months Before You Begin Graduate School

  • Check to make sure all schools have received your application materials
  • Visit all schools that have accepted you
  • Apply for financial aid and assistantships
  • Send deposit money to the institution of your choice
  • Contact your references to inform them of your decision and success
  • Notify programs that accepted you of your decision to attend or not to attend
  • Begin to search for housing if it is not already provided by the school of your choice

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Green Civic Engagement Agencies, Opportunities, Internships, and Resources

 

 

The greening of Civic Engagement grows each day in scope and variety.  We have provided links to and descriptions of some of the resources, opportunities, agencies and internships that students can review.  The listings below are meant as starting points for students interested in  learning more about green issues and how to become active in green volunteerism.  New listings will be added periodically.

Environmental Protection Agency-- An environmental public record resource including air, water, soil, and industrial studies; their website includes information on how to be green in your community.

The National Atmospheric Administration--Issued a request for applications for projects designed to build capacity within NOAA's Science On a Sphere (SOS) Users Collaborative Network (Network) to enhance the educational use of spherical display systems as public exhibits.

NJ Department of Environmental Protection --Manages natural resources and investigates pollution problems.  Oversees compliance with regulations and policy and lists employment and internship opportunities.

Community Earth Councils | Serve Your Planet--Groups of elders (50+) and youth (16-28) working together to address global environmental and social challenges at the local level. CECs build community, helping young people find meaning and purpose while providing elders with a way to give back, inspire, and impact the future.

Njcares.org/environment.htm --New Jersey's volunteer and charity resource brings together volunteers, donors, service groups and charities from across the state.

Earthday--Volunteer for local Earth Day activities or propose a project

CorpsNetwork--Offers both AmeriCorps and non-AmeriCorps options for full-time service.  Visit their site to locate a service and conservation corps in the state of your choice

AmeriCorps VISTA volunteers--Create and expand programs aimed at bringing people out of poverty, some with an environmental justice focus. Other AmeriCorps programs offer environmental work.

Handsonnetwork --To discover green volunteer opportunities, in the search box enter the keyword "green" and a zip code.

Volunteermatch --A clearinghouse for a variety of volunteer opportunities.  Enter the keyword "environment" and a zip code.

Hudson Basin River Watch--Works to improve the water quality of the Hudson River and all its tributaries through education, community involvement, and stewardship. HBRW provides hands-on science education programs to schools and streams monitoring workshops to environmental organizations, individuals, and agencies.

Echoing Green--Provides seed funding and support to social entrepreneurs with bold ideas for social change in order to launch groundbreaking organizations around the world.

Green Brooklyn--Serves Brooklyn and NYC communities in that it provides local and green news, initiatives, resources, and community info and links to encourage do-it-yourself grassroots greening.

Green For All--National organization dedicated to building an inclusive green economy strong enough to lift people out of poverty.  By advocating for local, state and federal commitment to job creation, job training, and entrepreneurial opportunities in the emerging green economy, Green For All fights both poverty and pollution at the same time.

Green Corp--Trains organizers and provides field support for today's critical environmental  campaigns; supports activists who possess the skills, temperament, and commitment to fight and win tomorrow's environmental battles.

Green America --Green America is a not-for-profit membership organization that aims to create a socially just and environmentally sustainable society.  They provide information about socially responsible investing in the US.

Green Career Central -- A membership website for people who want to transform their passion for the environment into a prosperous green career.

Corporation for National & Community Service --The Corporation provides information about grants, training, and technical assistance to developing and expanding volunteer organizations

Oprah's Save Your Planet--Provides information and resources about being green, including links to other web sites devoted to green issues.

MSNBC Save the Planet --Provides information and resources to aid in energy conservation.

GreenerChoices.org --Sponsored by Consumer Reports, this site provides a tool kit for energy savings, information on products, community resources, a blog, and a free newsletter.

GreenFaith --GreenFaith inspires, educates and mobilizes people of diverse religious backgrounds for environmental leadership.

GreenJobsReady -- GreenJobsReady.com is an online informative portal offering the latest news views and resources on breakthrough green jobs training programs in the Renewable Energy world.

Going Green on Black Friday -- Get a headstart on green shopping tips for Black Friday.


What Can I Do Green With a Major In?

 
  • Architecture

  • Arch Studies

  • Digital Design

  • Industrial Design

  • Interior Design


Architect

A green architect realizes that a building is like an eco system and that each component in a green building affects its overall performance.  Environmental design includes using the best natural materials, natural daylight, breezes etc., and also rehabilitating existing buildings to have a connection with nature and the natural elements. 


Industrial Designer

Industrial design is the profession that determines the form of a manufactured product, shaping it to fit the people who use it and the industrial processes that produce it. Industrial green product design can encompass material selection, resource use, production requirements and planning for the final disposition (recycling, reuse, or disposal) of a product. It is not a stand-alone methodology but one that must be integrated with a company's existing product design so that environmental parameters can be balanced with traditional product attributes such as quality, cost, and functionality. Green products can be made with fewer materials and can be designed to be more easily upgraded, disassembled, recycled, and reused than their conventional counterparts.


Interior Designer

Interior designers are concerned with aesthetics, style and mood.  The interior designer focuses on all aspects of the space - whether it's a home, a public building, a business or an institutional facility (such as offices, restaurants, retail establishments, hospitals, hotels, or theaters). They also plan the interiors of existing structures under renovation or expansion.

Green Designers must be familiar with the materials and products that will be used in the design and make responsible environmental choices. They must also understand the ways that texture, color, lighting and other factors interact to create the desired result in a space, the structural requirements of their plans, the health and safety issues, building codes, and other technical aspects.


Digital Designer

Applications of digital design can run the gamut from web-based communications to advertising to entertainment design in movies and television, magazine ads, video games, museum and trade show exhibits and of course, online. Digital designers must understand design fundamentals, lettering and typography and graphic design, using computer applications and sophisticated software as design tools. Today's designers must be entrepreneurs observing market trends, creating intellectual property, and applying green considerations to issues such as using recycled and organic papers in designs or understanding the new resurgence for letterpress printing and it’s impact on choice of paper etc.



Green careers can be found within each of these job titles:

Green Architect Sustainable Design Specialist
Architecture Drafter Energy Efficient Lighting Specialist
Landscape Architect Green Facilities Management Specialist
Landscape Drafter Green Building Supply Sales
Consultant for Sustainable Design and Sustainable Planning Green Building Supply Entrepreneur
Sustainable Procurement Affordable Housing Consultant



Green jobs can be found within the following industries:

Architecture Firms Architectural Services
Military Services Consulting Services (Management)
Engineering Firms Educational Services
Government (State & Local) Engineering Services
Real Estate Scientific Research & Development Services
Transportation Equipment Wood Products
Waste Management & Remediation Services Window Products
Wholesale Trade Healthcare and Social Assistance
Building, Developing, & General Contracting  



Green Internet Resources:

Architecture Careers ( http://archcareers.blogspot.com/). A blog that discusses aspects of becoming an architect

AIA Career Center   A membership association for licensed architects

Architect Jobs   An employment website for architect careers.

Green Career Central   A members-only career portal of articles, resources , discussion forums and job postings.

Greenbiz   This site examines the latest news on companies that are integrating sustainable principles into their business and operations.

Sustainable Business   It provides global news and networking services to help green businesses grow, covering all sectors: renewable energy, green building, sustainable investing, and organics.

AIGA   The professional association for design, is the premier place for design — to discover, discuss, understand, appreciate and be inspired by it. Founded in 1914, AIGA remains the oldest and largest professional membership organization for design

Re-Nourish   A green website for the graphic design industry.



Other Green Building Resources:

USGBC (U.S. Green Building Council) has developed a LEED certification, a benchmark for the design, construction and operation of high performance green buildings

Green Careers Guide  Site offers green career categories with job descriptions, training required, training programs by state, and job listings. It also gives job search advice provided by careerbuilder.com

National Trust for Historic Preservation (NTHP)   Organization that provides education, advocacy, and resources to save America’s diverse historic places and revitalize our communities
 


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What Can I Do Green With a Major In?

 
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Engineering Science

Biomedical Engineering stresses the application of the principles and practices of engineering, science, and mathematics in solving clinical problems in medicine and surgery.  A green career in Biomedical Engineering can focus on developing new medical devices out of green materials.  It can also include working in an organization that makes efforts to reduce waste emissions.  Students with a background in Engineering Science can work in a variety of areas such as waste water and contamination remediation, research and development of new products and processes that reduce or eliminate the use of dangerous chemicals. They can also engage in environmental work with soil, endangered species, and air quality.


Green careers can be found within each of these job titles:

 

Air Quality Analyst Process/ Quality Assurance Engineer
Analyst Product manager
Analyst II (transportation) Purification Scientist
Biomedical Technician Residential Power Project Manager
Ecologist Renewable Energy Consultant
Engineer II – Chemical/Biochemical Process R&D Soil Analyst
Environmental Engineer Solar Systems Design Engineer
Environmental Planning Consultant Stem Cell Researcher
Food Engineer Territory Manager
Hydrologist-Water Restoration Waste Water infrastructure Designer

 

Green jobs can be found within the following industries:

 

Architectural Firms Paper Manufacturing Companies
Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Petroleum & Coal Products Companies
Biochemical Companies Pharmaceutical Companies
Building, Developing & General Contracting Scientific Research & Development Services
Chemical Companies Social Services
Engineering Firms Transportation Equipment Companies
Environmental Firms Transportation Services
Environmental Protection Agency Utilities
Healthcare Organizations Waste Management & Remediation Services
Medical Equipment & Supplies Wood Products
Nonmetallic Mineral Products Manufacturers  

 

Green Internet Resources:

 

Nature   A career resource information and job posting site for masters or doctoral graduates providing a wide range of career advice and information throughout nature publishing and group journals.

BMES   Promotes biomedical engineering knowledge worldwide and its utilization for the health and well being of mankind. Contains green job postings and a large networking database.

Sustainable Business   This site provides global news and networking services to help green business grow, covering all sectors: renewable energy, green building, sustainable investing, and organics.

Green Career Tracks   Resource site that helps create an interest in learning more about or obtaining a green job

Green Career Central   A site that provides information for students and young professionals intent on promoting the green building movement. Lists job/internships/educational seminars/events

Jobs Treehugger   Treehugger.com’s job board of green jobs.

Cool Climate Jobs   Job posting site for green careers relating to climate change

Green Jobs   Job posting site that relates to green careers. Registration is required in order to use the site’s full features.

Enn   ENN Environmental News Network. Site to help non profits, governments and businesses from around the world get their information published and read by the people who have an interest in preserving the planet

Stop Dodo   This site includes free job search and posting of resumes relating to green careers.

Centre for Education & Research in Environmental Strategies (CERES)   Networks investors of environmental organizations and other interested groups to address a global climate change.

Green Careers Guide   Site offers green career categories with job descriptions, training required, training programs by state, and job listings.

 

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What Can I Do Green With a Major In?

  • Biology
  • Computational Biology



Biology

Students electing a major in biology may choose to study organisms on a cellular and molecular level, the genetics and development of organisms, the function processes of living things or the interrelationships of organisms within their environment. The study of biology provides a valuable background for those interested in science but uncertain of their choice of concentration. Not only are graduates aware of the processes and interactions of living things, but they acquire skills in scientific thinking and insight into the complex biological world.

Green jobs come in many forms for those with an interest in environmental issues.  Working in fish and wildlife services, environmental protection and conservation agencies, meat and dairy inspection, or forestry services are some of those employers. Conservation biologists study biology and resource management, leading to opportunities in teaching, research and fieldwork for government, non profits and private companies.


Computational Biology

Environmental responsibility has emerged as an important consideration for corporations today. The IT sector is becoming aware of the environmental and financial impact of issues such as increased power consumption, data center cooling issues and e-waste from IT operations. A growing field and industry within the computing arena is working to develop green data centers where data servers can be stored in an environmentally friendly facility that uses less energy and helps with carbon emissions.   Students who focus on computational biology can work in areas such biological data modeling and plant bioinformatics

 

Green careers can be found within each of these job titles:

Computational Biologist Biotechnologist
Molecular Modeling Researcher Biostatistician
Bioinformatics Analyst Biologist
Bioinformatics Software Developer Biomedical Chemist
Laboratory Information Systems Analyst Bioinformatics Professor


Green jobs can be found within the following industries:

The International Society of Computational Biology Advocacy, Grant making, and Civic Organizations
Computer Firms State Government
Computer Software Developers Federal Government
Consulting Firms Scientific Research and Development Services
Laboratories Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing
Scientific Research & Development Services  


Green Internet Resources:

Nature   A career resource information and job posting site for masters or doctoral graduates providing a wide range of career advice and information throughout nature publishing and group journals.

Biology Jobs  Created as a targeted resource for job seekers and employers in Life Science. Biology jobs are divided into categories which include Agriculture, Anatomy / Physiology, Bioinformatics / Biotechnology, Botany, Cell Biology, Conservation, Ecology, Environmental Science Jobs, Genetics, Marine Science, Medicine, Natural Resources, Pharmacology, Toxicology, Veterinary Medicine and zoology.

Greenbiz   This site connects to the business operations section of greenbiz.com.  It examines the latest news on companies that are integrating sustainable principles into their business and operations.

The International Society of Computational Biology   The International Society for Computational Biology (ISCB) serves over 2500 members from nearly 70 countries around the world by addressing scientific policies, providing access to high quality publications, organizing meetings, and serving as a portal to information about training, education, employment and news from related fields.

Wikipedia   The Wikipedia page for the new field of Biologically Inspired Computing includes research, trends, and resources for this field.

The Biotechnology Information Directory   A biotechnology information directory for the life sciences community,  it focuses on all aspects and areas of modern biotechnology and related fields. ArgosBiotech.de acts as a gateway to worldwide biotech which opens up resources to the best free available biotechnology information

GreenBiz.com   A website focusing on resources for environmentally responsible computing

Cool Climate Jobs   Job posting site for green careers related to climate change

Green Careers Guide   Site offers green career categories with job descriptions, training required, training programs by state, and job listings.
 

 

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What Can I Do Green With a Major In?

 
  • Civil Engineering
  • Concrete Industrial Management Technology
  • Construction Engineering Technology
  • Construction Management Technology
  • Surveying Engineering Technology               

Civil engineers are essential participants in the planning, design and construction of our basic structures, including public works and large commercial projects. A surveyor is a professional who practices the science of measurement to assemble and assess land and geographic related information. That information is used for the purpose of planning and implementing the efficient administration of the land, the sea and structures to instigate the advancement and development of such practices.  A construction engineering background prepares students for careers within general construction, heavy/highway/utility construction, building construction, mechanical and electrical contracting, specialty contracting and consulting.  Concrete Industrial Management professionals are an important component of the concrete industry.  In today’s green market, all of these professions can be utilized as part of creating sustainable design and practices in the construction and engineering fields.  These disciplines are an integral part of developing new infrastructure that is sustainable, uses less energy, reduces the carbon footprint, and is overall better for the environment. 
 

Green careers can be found within each of these job titles:

Bridge Engineer Landfill Gas to Energy Plant Mechanics
Civil Engineer LEED Systems Specialist
Concrete Formwork Designer Mechanical Contractor
Design/Construction Engineer Project Engineer
Energy Efficiency Planner Quality Control Inspector
Field Engineer Renewable Development Coordinator
Green Concrete Producer Renewable Market Specialist

General Construction Worker

Structural Engineer
Green Building Analysts Sustainable Development Manager
Green Building Director Temporary Structures Formwork Designer
Highway Construction Worker Topographic Surveyor
Highway Engineer Utility Construction Worker
Hydrologist Wind Methods and Process Specialist
Land Surveyor  



Green jobs can be found within the following industries:

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, & Hunting Services Forest Services
Architectural Services Mining
Building, Developing, & General Contracting Ocean and Marine Sciences
Construction Services Petroleum & Coal Product Manufacturers
Educational Services Research Institutes
Energy Services Scientific Research & Development Services
Engineering Services State and Local Government
Environmental Organizations Utilities
Environmental Services Waste Management Services
Federal Government Wood Products



Green Internet Resources:


Engineering Central: Jobs for Civil Engineers   Site contains list of jobs especially for engineers.

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)   This site contains a list of jobs for various majors in civil engineering.

ICEnet specializations   ICE provides the knowledge that civil engineers need. Members come from a wide range within civil engineering. Also publishes papers, guides, reports and briefing sheets, conducts meetings, organizes conferences and competitions, awards prizes, manages research projects with other organizations, provides lectures.

The Technology Interface Online journal for the Engineering Technology profession serving education and industry. Provides professionals in the Engineering Technology profession and related fields the opportunity to share ideas concerning teaching, teaching improvements, projects, industrial activities, research and much more via the internet.

NICET Online: National Institute for Certification in Engineering Technologies   Certification by this organization is an asset to a professional. The NICET programs that are most commonly required by local and state jurisdictions, and by federal agencies are in the fire protection field.

Careers In Construction   Assistance with job search, CV review, cover letter and application preparations.

Construction Jobs   ConstructionJobs.com is the nation's premier employment job board and resume database built exclusively for the construction, design and building industries. This interactive site provides targeted candidate searches by geographic region, specific industries, job titles, education, and experience. The site is free to job seekers and available to employers at various subscription fees.

Land Surveyor Reference Page   Contains job search information and job listings for surveying professionals.

Earthworks   Job listings in oil, energy, mining, geoscience, seismology, geodesy, earth science, earth system science, environmental science, environmental engineering, remediation, contaminated land, agriculture, forestry, ecology, plant science, meteorology, atmospheric science, oceanography, marine science, geography, hydrology, hydrogeology, soil science, remote sensing, GIS, geomatics, geotechnical / civil engineering, transport, asbestos surveying, renewable energy, carbon management, EIA, EMS, waste management, sustainable development, electrical engineering, maintenance engineering and related subjects

Green Career Tracks   List of green fields or market sectors that are emerging or being affected by environmental and social justice crises.

Green Career Central   This site provides the guidance and support to match passion for the environment, skill set, and experience, with a career where one can make a difference and prosper.

Jobs Treehugger   TreeHugger is the leading media outlet dedicated to driving sustainability mainstream. It strives to be a one-stop shop for green news, solutions, and product information.

Cool Climate Jobs   Excellent source for climate change, renewable energy, and green collar jobs in the United States and around the world.

Green Jobs   Provides a range of services to employers and recruiters ranging from simple job listings to full recruitment services as well as analysis of employment in the various renewable energy industries. Services to candidates include the opportunity to apply for jobs, list their resume/CV, obtain guidance on finding and applying for jobs, gain background information on the RE industries and have access to a directory of RE companies and organizations.

Green Careers Guide   Site offers green career categories with job descriptions, training required, training programs by state, and job listings. It also gives job search advice provided by careerbuilder.com.

 

 

 

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What Can I Do Green With a Major In?

  • Chemical Engineering
  • Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Engineering
  • Pharmaceutical Chemistry

 

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry are fields that will make significant contributions to the green economy.  Chemical Engineers can pursue careers in energy conservation, biofuels, organic food production, as well as environmentally friendly chemical production methods.  Green chemistry, also known as sustainable chemistry, is the design of chemical products and processes that reduce or eliminate the use or generation of hazardous substances. Green chemistry applies across the life cycle, including the design, manufacture, and use of a chemical product.  Pharmaceutical engineers can work in developing drugs in ways that do not pollute the environment, use less carbon emissions, thus reducing the environmental impact of the pharmaceutical manufacturing industry.


Green careers can be found within each of these job titles:

Aerosol Developer Industrial Quality Control
Analytic Chemist Inorganic Chemist 
Chemical Analyst/Technologist Inside Sales Representative - Chemicals
Chemical/Drug Sales Representative Laboratory Analyst
Chemical Engineer Laboratory Technician
Chemical Information Specialist Materials Production Tester
Chemical Power Process Engineer Methods Development Chemist 
Chemical Safety Officer Paint Formulation Chemist
Color Analyst Paper Product Developer
Consumer Protection Researcher Pest Control Technician
Cosmetics Developer Pharmacist/Pharmacologist
Environmental Impact Assessor Pollution Controller/Analyst
Fabric/Textile Developer Process Engineer
Film Developer/Tester Product Tester/Developer
Food Scientist Production Engineer for Chemical Manufacturer / Petroleum
Forensic Lab Analyst Public Health Educator
Fragrance Developer Soil Tester
Gas and Chemical Technician Toxicologist
Industrial Health Engineer Water Quality Analyst




Green jobs can be found within the following industries:

Aerospace Firms Food Manufacturing
Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing Hospitals Research Laboratories
Airlines Fuel Dealerships Medical Laboratories
Atomic Energy Firms Medical Services
Biotechnical Firms Metal Manufacturing Companies
Ceramic Manufacturers Pharmaceutical Manufacturing
Chemical Companies Printing
Chemical Manufacturing Public Health Service
Consulting Organizations Rubber Processing Firms
Education Soap and Detergent Manufacturers
Engineering Firms State Government
Environmental Organizations Technical Journals
Federal Government Utilities




Green Internet Resources:

Biospace   Lists biotech and pharmaceutical jobs.

Epa Gov/green chemistry/   Lists general information about green chemistry.

Royal Society of Chemistry   Provides information on chemical sciences and some other related resources.  A professional body of scientists in UK.

Acpo.on.ca   Contains information for students who are interested in getting involved and expanding their knowledge in chemical engineering. May also contain green information.

Greenbiz   Consists of various information, mostly news articles, about becoming green.

American Chemical Society Career Services   This section of the American Chemical Society’s website provides career information for chemical engineers.

Center for Disease Control and Prevention   Provides information about various health related topics.

Science Careers Information   Offers information for scientists. Also has job listings that are updated daily and career advice articles.

Green Careers Guide   Site offers green career categories with job descriptions, training required, training programs by state, and job listings.

 

 

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What Can I Do Green With a Major In?

  • Occupational Safety & Health Engineering
  • Occupational Safety & Industrial Hygiene
  • Public Health
  • Emergency Management
  • Business Continuity

The fields of Occupational Safety and Health Engineering, Occupational Safety and Industrial Hygiene, Public Health, and Emergency Management and Business Continuity focus on how technology and hazardous materials can affect the safety of the workplace as well as the environments in which those workplaces are located.  Many careers that students within these majors pursue can be considered green since the goal is to create work environments and communities that can effectively manage hazardous materials, meet regulations for air quality, and ensure that equipment and processes are safe for workers and the community.  Job titles within OSHE and OSIH include Health and Safety Inspector, HAZMAT Specialist, and Process Safety Management (PSM) Engineer.  Public Health majors looking for a green career can pursue jobs such as Environmental Health Administrator and Sanitarian.  A green career path for Emergency Management & Business Continuity majors can include jobs such as Emergency Management Specialist and Environmental Protection Specialist.    


Green careers can be found within each of these job titles:

Occupational Health and Safety Inspector Environmental Emergency Management Planner/Analyst
Occupational Health and Safety Specialist Hygienist, Health and Safety
Occupational Health and Safety Technician Compliance Specialist
Carbon Management Advisor Pipeline Safety Engineer
Safety Engineer Air Permit Specialist
Emergency Management Specialist Industrial Hygienist
Environmental and Public Health Specialist Field Safety Engineer
Environmental Health Administrator Operations Safety Specialist
Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) Engineer Compliance Coordinator
Environmental Protection Specialist Waste Approval Specialist
Plant Safety and Health Specialist Process Safety Engineer
Clean Energy Analyst HAZMAT Specialist
Site Operations Manager Process Safety Management (PSM) Engineer
Quality Management Systems Manager Sanitarian
Wind Farm Technician Toxicologist



Green jobs can be found within the following industries:

Manufacturing Consultant Companies
Transportation and Distribution Companies Colleges and Universities
Utilities Transportation Services
Waste Management & Remediation Services Engineering Firms
Petroleum & Coal Product Manufacturers Air Quality Management Facilities
Scientific Research & Development Services Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing
Chemical Companies Construction
Local and State Governments Mining
Federal Government Scientific Research and Development Services



Green Internet Resources:

NAEM   NAEM, the premier association for EHS Management, is a non-profit, non-partisan educational association dedicated to advancing the knowledge and practice of Environmental, Health & Safety (EHS) and Sustainability management.

EPA.Gov/emergencies/   This is the EPA’s website related to Emergency Management.

Green Careers Guide   Site offers green career categories with job descriptions, training required, training programs by state, and job listings. It also gives job search advice provided by careerbuilder.com

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What Can I Do Green With a Major In?

 
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Electrical and Computer Engineering Technology
  • Power & Energy Systems
  • Telecommunication
  • Telecom. Mgmt Tech


Electrical, power, and telecommunications engineering are diversified professions concerned with the design and operation of the electrical power devices and systems required by our technological society.  These are the engineers that are helping to create bio fuels, solar power systems, renewable energy solutions, water treatment facilities, and telecommunications systems that use less energy.


Green careers can be found within each of these job titles:

Biofuel Engineer Cement Industry Engineers & Managers
Energy/Water Engineer/Modeler Biomedical Technician
Building systems Engineer Power Systems Engineer
Engineer (electrical, mechanical, manufacturing) Hydrologist-Water Restoration
Inventory Analyst Research Development Specialist
Field Marketing Specialist Process/ Quality Assurance Engineer
Project Manager Solar & Wind Electric Installer
Sales Operations Analyst Solar Electric & Solar Hot Water Engineers (installation & design)
Mechanical Reliability Engineer Telecommunications Engineer
Pipeline Integrity Engineer  



Green jobs can be found within the following industries:

Aerospace Product Companies Environmental Organizations
Building, Developing, & General Contractors Federal Government
Chemical Companies Medical Equipment Manufacturers
Colleges and Universities Alternative Petroleum Industry
Computer Companies Pharmaceuticals
Consulting Services Scientific Research & Development Services
Education Telecommunication Companies
Electrical Equipment, Appliance, & Component Manufacturing Companies Utilities
Engineering Companies Waste Management & Remediation Services



Green Internet Resources:

Emerging Green builders NJ   Represents a coalition of students and young professionals intent on promoting the green building movement. Lists jobs/internships/educational seminars/events

Green Career Tracks   This site helps create an interest in learning more about or obtaining a green job.

Green Career Central   A site that provides information for students and young professionals intent on promoting the green building movement. Lists jobs/internships/educational seminars/events.

Job Treehugger   Job board of green jobs

Cool Climate Jobs   Job posting site for green careers related to climate change

Green Jobs   Job posting site that relates to green careers. Registration is required in order to use the site’s full features.

ENN (Environmental News Network) Site to help nonprofits, governments and businesses from around the world get their information published and read by the people who have an interest in preserving the planet

Environment Jobs   This site includes free job search and posting of resumes relating to green careers.

Centre for Education & Research in Environmental Strategies (CERES)   networks investors of environmental organizations and other interested groups to address a global climate change.

Sustainable Business   This site provides global news and networking services to help green businesses grow, covering all sectors: renewable energy, green building, sustainable investing, and organics.

Green Careers Guide   Site offers green career categories with job descriptions, training required, training programs by state, and job listings. It also gives job search advice provided by careerbuilder.com.

The GreenJobs Network of Websites : ConservationJobs - EnvironmentalJobs - GreenJobs - GreenJobs (Ireland) - RenewableEnergyJobs - SolarJobs - WasteJobs - WaterJobs - WindJobs

 

 

 

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