How to Find the Right Job

Finding the job you want takes many steps and involves many decisions.  This checklist is designed to help you along the way and guide you to the appropriate sources.  Be sure to discuss your progress with your career advisor.

Knowing What You Want - The Basics

Choose your ideal work environment-large corporation, small business, government agency, etc.

Choose your ideal location-urban, suburban, or rural.

List your three most useful job skills and know which is your strongest.

Know whether you want to work with people, data, or things.  

Know if you want to work with others or work alone.

List your favorite leisure time activities. 

Know what kind of reward is most important to you in a job-money, security, creative authority, etc.

List some of the main career areas which might interest you.

Know whether you enjoy new projects or prefer following a regular routine.


Researching Career Options

Develop a list of career possibilities to research.

Visit the Career Services to learn about various careers.  The O*NET is a valuable resource.

Consider whether your desired career requires an advanced degree.

Keep up with current trends in your field through trade publications and online sources.

Identify employers interested in interviewing someone with your academic background and experience; create a list of three or more employers in the field you are considering.

Make at least three professional contacts through friends, relatives, or professors to learn more about your field of interest.

Meet with faculty and alumni who work or who have worked in your field to talk about available jobs and the outlook for your field.

 

Getting Experience

Narrow down the career options you are considering through course work and personal research.

Participate in the Co-op Program or an internship in your chosen field to learn of the daily requirements of the careers you are considering.  Such assignments sometimes lead to permanent job offers following graduation.

Become an active member in one or more professional associations. 

Volunteer for a community or charitable organization to gain further work experiences that can be included on a resume.

Creating a Resume

Form a clear job objective.

Know how your skills and experience support your objective.

Use action verbs to highlight your accomplishments.

Limit your resume to one page and make sure it is free of misspelled words or grammatical errors.

Compose a separate cover letter to accompany each resume and address the letter to a specific person.

Preparing for the Interview

Arrange informational interviews with employees from companies with which you might want to interview.

Use Linkedin or CareerShift to find potential leads.

Thoroughly research each employer with whom you have an interview-be familiar with product lines, services, growth, etc.

Practice your interviewing technique with your career advisor to help prepare for the actual interview.

Using the information you have gathered, formulate questions to ask the employer during the interview.

Arrive on time in professional business attire.

Collect the needed information to write a thank you letter after each interview.

Fine Arts

    A Bachelor of Fine Arts degree helps students to develop visionary talents and provides a foundation for advancement into a visual communication profession in a wide variety of fields. Visual artists generally fall into one of two broad categories: designers or fine artists.  Designers put their artistic skills to use in the service of commercial clients such as corporations, retail stores, advertising, design, or publishing firms.  Fine artists create art to satisfy their need for self-expression, and may display their work in galleries, museums, and homes.  Often, they specialize in one or more forms of art such as painting, sculpting, ceramics, printmaking, or photography.

    The following list contains a representative sample of job titles an Art major could consider.  Some of these jobs also require education beyond a bachelors' degree. 

*The BFA degree is perfect for pursuit of the MFA degree which would be needed for teaching at a higher level and would provide more career opportunities.

*Fine Arts is also excellent training for pursuing architecture at the graduate level.

Related Career Titles

Artist

Advertising Artist

Fashion Artist/Designer

Mural Artist

Antiques Dealer

Cartoonist

Gallery Owner

Art Administrator

Ceramic Artist

Photographer

Art Buyer

Curator

Public Relations (museum, art gallery)

Futurist

Photojournalist

Display Artist

Stained Glass Artist

Conservator

Art Therapist

Art Teacher

Art Conservator

Colorist

Potter

Art Consultant

Greeting Card Artist

Art Critic

Art Dealer

Courtroom Artist

Art Director

Sculptor

Art Exhibition Coordinator

Website Designer

Set Designer/Illustrator

Artist's Agent

Textile Designer

Magazine Designer/Illustrator

Audio Visual Artist/Designer

Medical Illustrator

Billboard Artist

Exhibit Designer

Gallery Curator

 

Related Web Sites:

Art Association of Jackson Hole

College Art Association (CAA)

 

The Functional Resume

The Functional Resume is best suited for an individual who is a recent graduate or new to the workforce. An individual who has a varied work history with no clear connection between the different positions held would also benefit from using the Functional Resume. It is also well suited for the individual whose job titles do not reflect the level of skills used or for the individual who is making a career change.

The Functional Resume can be thought of as a way to make sense of an individual’s work history by matching skills and accomplishments. It demonstrates the skills and abilities that you have by using past accomplishments in different positions. Headings that should be included in a Functional Resume are as follows:

  1. Professional Profile-Describes professional history in a summarized statement.   If new to the job market, an objective statement describing career goals can be used.
  2. Functions/Career Highlights-Emphasizes specific skills and descriptions of the functions performed that demonstrate those skills. For example, if an individual has Management Skills, this can be conveyed to the employer by stating "Supervised and advised salaried sales representatives, increasing profits by 30%-40%." A typical Functional Resume lists about four functions/career highlights.
  3. Experience-Lists the names of the companies, the title that the individual held, the dates that the individual held the position, and the location of the company. A Functional Resume does not contain the job descriptions. All positions held should be listed in chronological order.
  4. Education-Lists all educational institutions attended, degrees earned, majors, GPA, awards earned, and activities in which an individual participated.

Example of a Functional Resume

 

Geoscience Engineering

Students who graduate from the Geoscience program are capable of solving a wide spectrum of problems related to engineering, geology and the environment. Most civil engineering projects involve a thorough analysis of site geology to arrive at satisfactory design solutions. In recent years, the importance of geologic factors in design has intensified, as projects require a high level of environmental protection and restoration. Solving problems of this nature is complex, and requires considerable interaction between the fields of civil engineering and geoscience. Students can find employment as a geoscience engineer or work in the allied fields of civil engineering, environmental engineering, and geology.

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Related Career Titles for Geoscience Engineering

Atmospheric Scientist

Civil Engineer

College or University Professor

Computer Programmer

Curator

Database Analyst

Earth Scientist

Editor

Engineer

Environmental Engineer

Environmental Geoscientist

Environmental Specialist

Geochemist

Geologist

Geophysicist

Geoscience Engineer

Geo-Software Engineer

Group Head

High School Teacher

Hydrogeologist

Laboratory Manager

Marine Geologist

Meteorologist

Mining Specialist

Oceanographer

Paleontologist

Petroleum Geologist

Petrologist

Project Manager

Researcher

Sales Manager

Sedimentologist

Structural Geologist

Technical Writer

Industries That Hire Geocience Engineering Majors

Colleges and Universities

Publishing Companies

Petroleum Companies

Mining

Building and Construction Companies

Computer Firms

Research Institutes

National Science Foundation

Environmental Protection Agency

Consulting Firms

Museums

Energy Services

Agriculture

Forest Services

Military Services

NASA

Oceanic Services

Mapping

Environmental/Sanitation Services

Aerospace Product and Parts Companies

Chemical Companies

Engineering Services

Scientific Research & Development Services

Transportation Equipment

Utilities

Federal Government

State Government

Waste Management & Remediation Services

 

Web Sites for Geoscience Engineering Majors

Agiweb: Careers in Geoscience

Earthworks

The Geological Society of America

Geologic Resources

Resources in the Career Resource Center

BOOKS

  • Job Choices for Science, Engineering, and Technology
  • Newsweek Careers 2000
  • Career Advancement and Survival for Engineers
  • Careers in Science and Engineering
  • Jobs You Can Live With
  • Career Information Center: Agribusiness, Environment, and Natural Resources
  • Career Information Center: Public and Community Service
  • Career Information Center: Employment Trends and Master Index
  • The New Complete Guide to Environmental Careers
  • Green At Work
  • IEEE Marketing for Engineers
  • IEEE Writing for Career Growth
  • IEEE Presentations That Work
  • IEEE Building Internal Team Partnerships
  • IEEE Teaching on TV and Video
  • IEEE Starting a High Tech Company
  • IEEE High Tech Creativity
  • IEEE Working in a Global Environment
  • Krupin’s Toll Free Environmental Directory
  • The Complete Guide for Occupational Exploration
  • The O*Net Dictionary of Occupational Titles
  • College Majors and Careers
  • Job Opportunities in Engineering and Computer Science
  • Great Jobs for Engineering Majors

VIDEO

  • The Sloan Career Cornerstone Series Careers for Geoscientists

FOLDERS

  • All Majors
  • Geoscience Engineering

Goal Setting

Goal Setting is Necessary Before the Job Search

Finding an answer to the question, "What do I really want in a career?" is one of the hardest parts of making a successful transition from college to career. Most college seniors are uninformed about career possibilities and because the topic is usually complex and, anxiety-provoking, it is left undressed.

 

Research Is Key

As you interview with employers, all your communication, both written and verbal, needs to focus first on understanding and then clearly articulating how your qualities can benefit the employer. As you get more involved in your job search, your goals will become refined because "career knowledge" increases.

Even if you've always known your general career path, you will now need to get "employer and job specific" to make the maximum impact during your job search.

One stumbling block is trying to draw too close a connection between your major and future jobs. Computer science majors may work as systems designers, but so may math, chemistry, and liberal arts majors. There are a number of factors beyond the college major that determine your first job.

 

Job Functions and Other Considerations

One of the more confusing aspects of understanding employers as part of goal setting is determining the relationship between job title, job function, work environment, and industry. People often mistakenly use these terms interchangeably.

Job title refers to the actual position name used by the employing organization to label a specific job, i.e., systems engineer, tax accountant, manufacturing trainee.

Job functions describe the activities or tasks the person in the job does on a day-to-day basis. For example, a tax accountant prepares financial records, balances company ledgers, and examines cost accounting procedures at client companies.

Work environment refers to the type of organization and culture in which the work takes place. In the example being used, a tax accountant could perform the previous functions in a large public accounting firm, a small privately owned agency, a large or small company, a multi-department organization or a small, growing firm.

Industry is a term describing a series of related products or services that make up a portion of the overall economy. Different industries include electronics, financial services, petroleum, and manufacturing. It is important to understand that a person can often perform the same work, have the same job title and the same work environment in different industries.

 

Formulating a Career Goal

Putting all the pieces of a first job or career goal together generally requires assistance. The accompanying Goal Setting Worksheet will get you started, and do not hesitate to seek assistance from the Career Services staff.

Download Goal Setting Worksheet

Going Global International Career and Industry Resources

Click here for Going Global, a resource for world wide job openings, internships, industry information and country specific career and employment information.

 

The Co-op Resume

What is a co-op resume?
The co-op resume is used by the New Jersey Institute of Technology’s Division of Career Development Services as part of the referral process for the Cooperative Education Program. Each student who applies to the program is required to submit a resume.

 

What is included in a co-op resume?

The type of information that appears on the co-op resume is similar to that of other types of resumes. The headings that should be included on the co-op resume are Objective, Availability, Education, Honors/Awards, Key Courses, Computer Skills, Work Experience, Community Service, Professional Affiliations, and Skills/Interests/Activities. The main difference between the co-op resume and other types of resumes is the Availability section. This section helps employers and the career development staff know when you are available to work in a co-op placement. A sample of what a co-op resume should look like is located below.

Sample Co-op Resume

Digital Design

    Digital design is an evolving multi-disciplinary field that involves everything from virtual sets created for a game, to the special effects in movies, to the graphic design and production of an  advertising campaign.  It focuses on the communication of messages and experiences and  underlies many of today’s fast growing industries. 

 

    A digital designer is a creative thinker, an artist, a person comfortable working collaboratively and individually in a technologically rich environment and an entrepreneur observing market trends, exploiting innovation and creating intellectual property. Digital Design is also good training for pursuing the MBA degree.

 

Related Career Titles for Digital Designers

Web Designer

Graphic Designer

Educational and Game Designer

Exhibit Designer

Information /Communication Designer

Video or Film Production Designer

Animator

Special Effects Producer/Director

Virtual Set Designer

Technical Illustrator

Environment Designer (games, movies)

Medical Imaging and Presentation Designer

Sales/Electronic Commerce Manager

Interactive Art Installation Designer

 

Who Hires Digital Designers

    Digital designers may work as individual entrepreneurs or as members of an entrepreneurial group, within the context of large design firms and/or in multi-disciplinary teams in the context of design or other industry-specific firms.  Digital designers find work in various industries ranging from game production to motion pictures to advertising.  They can work as and with illustrators, videographers and filmmakers, television and commercial producers, graphic designers and online/web marketers.  They can create original research used by others or apply technology in the production of intellectual property.

 

Related Web Sites

Association for Computing Machinery/Special Interest Group in Graphics (ACM/SIGGRAPH)

Radio Television Digital News Association

Graphic Design Network

Broadcast Design Association

Becoming a Digital Designer: A Guide to Careers in Web, Video, Broadcast, Game and Animation Design, by Steven Heller

 

External Career Related Sites


Comprehensive Career Resources and Employment Guides

Find a Job: General Job Searching Sites

Entry-Level Job Searching Sites

Internship Information

Alumni Resources

Careers in the Federal Government: Students in Service to America

New Jersey / New York Area Job Listings

Summer Jobs

Self-Assessments

Resources for Researching Companies

Resources for Diverse Populations

Resources for Students with Disabilities

Resources for International Students

International Work Experiences

Resources for Women

Salary/ Relocation Information

Resources for Researching Academic Institutions

Recruiters and Search Firms

Professional Career Services (These companies may charge a fee for some of their services.)

Dress for Success

"What am I going to wear?" We get asked this question nearly every day during the recruiting season. Basically, it's common sense. You can start by asking yourself three questions.

1.What do I already have to wear? For some of you this may be a happy discovery. You have been in jeans and t-shirts all semester and haven't ventured beyond your laundry basket. Your closet may turn up that lost pair of suit pants or that pair of pumps you forgot you bought at the end of last season. If you already have the traditional garb--conservative suit ( does not have to be three-piece), dress shirt and tie for a man, blouse and skirt (keeping the hem no more than five inches above the knee) for a woman, and appropriate shoes --you are all set. However, not all students have a suit. For a man, it is perfectly acceptable to wear a sports coat, shirt, tie and coordinated dress pants. For a woman, a conservative dress is acceptable.

2.Can I afford to update my existing interviewing wardrobe? If you can, great--go for it! A couple of suggestions, though. Take along a friend who has some business fashion sense (especially if yours is questionable or ask a salesperson to assist you in selecting interviewing clothes. It doesn't necessarily have to drain your bank account. Employers don't expect recent grads to wear expensive clothes. It is okay to be fashionable but flashiness is a mistake. There can be a fine line between the two. If you have trouble deciding, remember that a conservative purchase is the safer one. Most students don't have the disposable income to go on a shopping spree. If that is true for you, make do with what you have: a man can wear his best shirt and tie and woman can wear her nicest shirt and blouse. Keep things in perspective; it's not the clothes that sell employees to companies but people themselves.

3.With what kind of company will I be interviewing ? If it is a Fortune 500 company, obviously you should wear a traditional suit. But maybe you will be seeing a funky, upbeat software company and you heard the recruiter showed up for interviews last year in a tie-dyed shirt, sandals, and beads. Use your own discretion but we suggest you dress the way you would if you were giving an important presentation at a company or attending a business meeting. Unless you have something to show or give the interviewer other than a resume, leave backpacks, books, boots, umbrellas, overcoats, etc., in the closet in our office. (Caution: don't leave any valuables in the office where someone might take them while you are in the interview.)

                                                 Dressing for Success

 Professional

  • Clean, manicured fingernails
  • Neat hair
  • Polished shoes
  • Natural-looking make-up
  • Long-sleeved shirts if wearing a suit
  • Clean and neatly pressed clothes that fit properly

 Unprofessional

  • Baggy stockings, saggy socks
  • Perfumes or colognes that are overpowering
  • Boots
  • Costume jewelry
  • Hair jewelry (if functional, it's okay)
  • For man, gold medallions, charms For woman, low necklines, high hemlines. 

 

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