Statistics and Actuarial Science



Statistics deals with techniques for collecting and analyzing numerical data for the purpose of solving real-life problems. Statistical techniques are widely used in the pharmaceutical industry, engineering, education, political science, medicine and many other areas. Actuarial science is concerned with the application of mathematical probability to the design of financially sound insurance and pension programs.





Related Career Titles for Statistics and Actuarial Science


Account Manager


Actuarial Analyst



Business Development Manager

Claims Representative

College/University Professor


Data Analyst

High School Teacher

Financial Analyst


Management Trainee

Marketing Analyst

Numerical Analyst

Opinion Research Specialist


Project Manager

Research Engineer

Research Scientist



Stock Broker

Technical Writer



Industries That Hire Statistics and Actuarial Science Majors

Pharmaceutical Companies

Insurance Firms

Engineering Firms

Federal Government

Local Government

Legal Services

Social Services


Human Resources Departments


Communication Services

Consulting Services

Financial Services (Securities, Commodity Contracts, & Other Financial Investments)

Transportation Equipment

Transportation Equipment Companies

Waste Management & Remediation Services


Advertising Agencies

Building and Construction Companies


Accounting, Tax Preparation, Bookkeeping, & Payroll

Computer and Electronic Products Companies

Computer Systems Design/Computer Consulting

Employment Services

Federal Government

State and Local Government

Publishing (Newspaper, Periodical, Book, & Data Base Publishers)

Real Estate

Religious, Grant writing, Civic, Professional, & Similar Organizations

Scientific Research & Development Services

Transportation Services


Web Sites for Statistics and Actuarial Science Majors

Entry Level Actuary Jobs-DW Simpson & Company, Inc.


Be An Actuary




Actuarial Grads Network


The Actuarial Foundation


The American Academy of Actuaries



Resources in the Career Resource Center




  • Princeton Review: Complete Book of Business Schools 2001
  • Newsweek Careers 2000
  • Graduate Programs in Math
  • VGM’s Handbook of Scientific and Technical Careers
  • Careers In Science and Engineering
  • Career Information Center: Administration, Business, and Office
  • Career Information Center: Engineering, Science, and Technology
  • Career Information Center: Marketing and Distribution
  • Career Information Center: Transportation
  • Career Information Center: Employment Trends and Master Index
  • Green At Work
  • The Complete Guide to Occupational Exploration
  • The O*Net Dictionary of Occupational Titles
  • Great Jobs for Math Majors
  • Careers in Finance
  • College Majors and Careers


  • All Majors
  • Statistics and Actuarial Science


Applied Mathematics

Applied mathematicians develop and analyze mathematical models of complex real-world phenomena using available data, identifying relationships and patterns, etc. They test, validate and interpret solutions to provide a better understanding of processes and develop optimal solutions. Mathematics graduates today find careers in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals, in manufacturing, in emerging technologies such as fiber optic communications, in aerospace industries, in the financial industry, and in energy-related industries.


Related Career Titles for Applied Mathematics

Actuary Astronomer

Actuary Contract Administrator

Aerospace Engineer

Air Traffic Controller

Applied Science Technologist

Artificial Intelligence Developer

Benefits Administrator


Computer Consultant

Computer Engineer

Computer Installation Specialist

Commodity Manager

Cost Estimator

Credit Manager


Data Control Administrator

Data Processing Manager

Database Manager


EDP Auditor


Economist Mortgage Researcher


Employee Relations Specialist

Engineering Lab Technician

Environmental Technologist

External Auditor

Inventory Control Specialist

Investment Banker

ISO 2000 Specialist

Market Research Analyst


Math Teacher

Media Buyer


Network Programmer

Numerical Analyst

Operations Research Analyst


Pollution Meteorologist

Production Manager

Production Support Specialist


Real Estate Planner

Research Analyst

Risk Analyst

Robotics Programmer

Satellite Specialist

Software Developer

Software Engineer

Software Support Specialist

Statistician Systems Analyst

Systems Engineer

Systems Programmer

Technical Writer

Technical Support Representative

Industries and Organizations That Hire Applied Math Majors


Elementary/High Schools


U.S. Dept. of Treasury

Computer Firms

Software Developers

Oil Companies

Consulting Firms

Banks Laboratories

Television Studios

Travel Agencies

Architecture Firms


NASA Think Tanks

U.S. Department of Defense

Insurance Companies   


Web Sites for Applied Math Majors



Mathematical Sciences Career Information

Math Archives

The Mathematical Association of America

Resources in the Career Resource Center


  • Complete Book of Business Schools 2001
  • Graduate Programs in Math
  • Best 80 Business Schools 2000
  • VGM’s Handbook of Scientific & Technical Careers (2nd ed.)
  • Careers in Science & Engineering: A Student Planning Guide To Grad School and Beyond
  • Career Information Center: Administration, Business, and Office
  • Career Information Center: Engineering, Science, and Technology
  • Career Information Center: Manufacturing
  • Career Information Center: Employment Trends and Master Index
  • The Complete Guide for Occupational Exploration
  • The O*Net Dictionary of Occupational Titles
  • Great Jobs for Math Majors
  • Job Opportunities in Engineering and Computer Science
  • Job Opportunities in Business
  • Careers In Finance
  • College Majors and Careers


  • The Sloan Career Cornerstone Series: Careers in Mathematics


  • All Majors
  • Applied Mathematics


Applied Physics

Physicists study and research physical phenomena. They conduct experiments and analyze the data hoping to find applications for the basic laws of nature. Students in applied physics use their broad background in the fundamental principles of physics to the applications common to research and development activities found in technology- based industries.


Related Career Titles for Applied Physics




Cardiac Imaging Researcher


Computer Programmer

Construction Engineer


Data Analyst

Designer Process

Electro-Optical Engineer


Engineer Technical Salesperson

Environmental Scientist

Field Engineer

Financial Analyst

Fluids Physicist




Hardware Designer

Health Physicist


Manager of Information Systems

Materials Scientist


Medical Physicist

Medical Products



Molecular Physicist

Nuclear Physicist


Patent Attorney



Physics Teacher

Plasma Physicist

Private Accountant

Product Manager

Programming Engineer

Research Assistant

Research Director

Research and Development Engineer


Software Engineer

Solid State Physicist


Systems Engineer

Technical Recruiter

Technical Writer


Industries and Organizations That Hire Applied Physics Majors


Colleges/Universities Research Facilities

U.S. Patent Office Pharmaceutical Companies

Chemical Laboratories

Nuclear Power Plants


Law Firms

Cardiac Imaging Research Firms

Computer Companies

Engineering Firms

Health Care Facilities

Scientific Journals


Consulting Firms


High Schools

Departments of Transportation

Radiological Offices

Testing Labs

Department of Agriculture

Department of Energy Food and Drug Administration

Smithsonian Institution

National Bureau of Standards


Web Sites for Applied Physics Majors

Physics Web

American Institute of Physics

Sonoma State University Department of Physics and Astronomy

Resources in the Career Resource Center


  • Job Choices for Science, Engineering, and Technology Students
  • Newsweek Careers 2000
  • Graduate Programs in Physical Sciences and Math
  • Graduate Programs in Engineering and Applied Sciences
  • VGM’s Handbook of Scientific & Technical Careers (2nd ed.)
  • Careers in Science and Engineering: A Student Planning Guide to Grad School and Beyond
  • Jobs You Can Live With
  • Career Information Center: Engineering, Science, and Technology
  • Career Information Center: Health
  • Career Information Center: Manufacturing
  • Career Information Center: Employment Trends and Master Index
  • The Complete Guide for Occupational Exploration
  • The O*Net Dictionary of Occupational Titles
  • College Majors and Careers


  • The Sloan Career Cornerstone Series: Careers for Physicists


  • All Majors
  • Applied Physics


The practice of architecture unleashes creative talents to improve the quality of life of those around us. It is an intellectual adventure that combines inspiration, judgment, and informed decision-making. Architects plan and design structures, prepare information about design, building specifications, materials, colors, financial considerations, equipment, and length of time it will take to complete the project.


Related Career Titles for Architecture


Architectural Drafter

Architectural Engineer

Aeronautical Engineer

Airport Engineer

Civil Engineer

Construction Engineer

Design Engineer

Design/Graphic Artist

Electrical-Design Engineer

Electrical-Prospecting Engineer

Electronics-Design Engineer

Field Engineer

Industrial Engineer

Investment Banker

Landscape Architect

Landscape Drafter

Management Trainee

Manufacturing Engineer

Market Researcher

Military Personnel

Process Engineer

Production Engineer

Project Engineer

School Plant Consultant

Software Designer

Testing Engineer

Tool Design Checker

Industries That Hire Architecture Majors

Architecture Firms

Military Services

Engineering Firms

Government (State & Local)

Real Estate

Transportation Equipment

Waste Management & Remediation Services

Wholesale Trade

Building, Developing, & General Contracting

Architectural Services

Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation

Consulting Services (Management)

Computer and Electronic Products

Financial Services

Healthcare & Social Assistance

Insurance Carriers & Related Activities

Chemicals (Basic)

Computer Systems Design

Legal Services

Educational Services

Engineering Services

Scientific Research & Development Services

Wood Products

Web Sites For Architecture Majors

American Institute of Architects


Occupational Outlook Handbook: Architects



Death By Architecture

Resources in the Career Resource Center


  • Newsweek Careers 2000
  • An Overview of Graduate and Professional Programs 2001
  • The Career Connection II
  • VGM’s Handbook of Scientific & Technical Careers (2nd ed.)
  • Career Information Center: Construction
  • Career Information Center: Employment Trends & Master Index
  • The Complete Guide for Occupational Exploration
  • The O*Net Dictionary of Occupational Titles
  • College Majors and Careers


  • All Majors
  • Architecture

Architectural Studies

The types of careers that Architectural Studies majors pursue are not design positions. Instead, graduates of this program generally work in architectural research and scholarship. Students of this program have an interdisciplinary background that prepares them for a variety of settings for their work.



Related Career Titles for Architectural Studies


Community Developer

Design/Graphic Artist

Grant Writer

High School Teacher

Investment Banker

Management Trainee


Market Researcher

Military Officer

Non-Technical Salesperson

Outreach Worker

Project Manager


School Plant Consultant

Software Developer

University Professor


Industries and Organizations That Hire Architectural Studies Majors

Architectural Services

Building, Developing, & General Contracting

Computer and Electronic Products

Computer Systems Design/Computer Consulting

Consulting Services (Management)

High Schools

Colleges and Universities

Healthcare & Social Assistance

Legal Services

Financial Services

Publishing (Newspaper, Periodical, Book, & Data Base Publishers)

Real Estate

Waste Management & Remediation Services

Military Services

Social Services

Insurance Carriers & Related Activities

Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation

Government (Federal)

Government (State & Local)


Web Sites For Architectural Studies Majors

Society of Architectural Historians

The Architecture Research Institute, Inc


Resources in the Career Resource Center


  • The Career Connection II
  • VGM’s Handbook of Scientific & Technical Careers (2nd ed.)
  • Career Information Center: Construction
  • Career Information Center: Employment Trends & Master Index
  • The Complete Guide for Occupational Exploration
  • The Princeton Review Guide to Your Career
  • The O*Net Dictionary of Occupational Titles
  • College Majors and Careers


  • All Majors
  • Architecture


Background Screening: A Final Test

The employer has studied your resume. You've been asked many a probing question during your initial interview and the office visit, and you were even given a test. The employer has all of the information about you that they need, right? Not necessarily. Many employers are gathering additional background information on candidates prior to making an employment decision.


Usually, the information the employer is obtaining is directly relevant to the specific type of job. For example, a commercial bank is likely to check your own credit history before they hire you to work with their customers' funds.


Background screening of candidates is an increasingly common and legal practice. The decision to hire an individual is a major one, and employers want to ensure that there are no "surprises" which would affect your performance. It is best to be honest and up front with employers when background information is sought.


According to the Fair Credit Reporting Act of September 1997, employers must tell you if they discovered something during the background screening which caused them to reject your candidacy. You may ask for this information, and you also have the right to appeal a hiring decision based on background screening data. If you have concerns or questions about an employer's screening practices, please consult with a representative from our office.


Employers will check:

References - (Most employers call, rather than rely on written letters of reference.)


College transcript - (Employers will verify graduation date, coursework, and grade point average.)


Employment history - (Employers may even contact people whom you did not list as a reference.)


All information you supply on an employment application.



Employers may also check:

Credit History


Conviction Record


Driving Record


Drug Test


Test Scores




FBI File



Are Your Ready for a Behavioral Interview?

Are You Ready for a Behavioral Interview?


"Tell me about a time when you were on a team, and one of the members wasn't carrying his or her weight."  


If this is one of the leading questions in your job interview, you could be in for a behavioral interview.  Based on the premise that the best way to predict future behavior is to determine past behavior, this style of interviewing is gaining wide acceptance among recruiters.  Today, more than ever, every hiring decision is critical.  Behavioral interviewing is designed to minimize personal impressions that can affect the hiring decision. By focusing on the applicant's actions and behaviors, rather than subjective impressions that can sometimes be misleading, interviewers can make more accurate hiring decisions.


James F. Reder, manager of staff planning and college relations for Occidental Chemical Corporation in Dallas says, "Although we have not conducted formal studies to determine whether retention or success on the job here has been affected, I feel our move to behavioral interviewing has been successful. It helps concentrate recruiters' questions on areas important to our candidates' success within Occidental.


Behavioral vs. Traditional Interviews


If you have training or experience with traditional interviewing techniques, you may find the behavioral interview quite different in several ways:


Instead of asking how you would behave in a particular situation, the interviewer will ask you to describe how you did behave.


Expect the interviewer to question and probe (think of "peeling the layers from an onion").


The interviewer will ask you to provide details and will not allow you to theorize or generalize about several events.


The interview will be a more structured process that will concentrate on areas that are important to the interviewer, rather than allowing you to concentrate on areas that you may feel are important.


You may not get a chance to deliver any prepared stories.


Most interviewers will be taking copious notes throughout the interview.


The behavioral interviewer has been trained to objectively collect and evaluate information, and works from a profile of desired behaviors that are needed for success on the job.  Because the behaviors a candidate has demonstrated in previous similar positions are likely to be repeated, you will be asked to share situations in which you may or may not have exhibited these behaviors.  Your answers will be tested for accuracy and consistency.


If you are an entry-level candidate with no previous related experience, the interviewer will look for behaviors in situations similar to those of the target position:

"Describe a major problem you have faced and how you dealt with it."

"Give an example of when you had to work with your hands to accomplish a task or project."

"What class did you like the most?  What did you like about it?"


Follow-up questions will test for consistency and determine if you exhibited the desired behavior in that situation"

"Can you give me an example?"

"What did you do?"

"What did you say?"

"What were you thinking?"

"How did you feel?"

"What was your role?"

"What was the result?"

You will notice an absence of such questions as, "Tell me about your strengths and weaknesses.


How to Prepare for a Behavioral Interview


Recall recent situations that show favorable behaviors or actions, especially involving course work, work experience, leadership, teamwork, initiative, planning, and customer service.


Prepare short descriptions of each situation, be ready to give details if asked.


Be sure each story has a beginning, a middle, and an end, i.e., be ready to describe the situation, your action, and the outcome or result.


Be sure the outcome or results reflects positively on you (even if the result itself was not favorable).


Be honest.  Don't embellish or omit any part of the story.  The interviewer will find out if your story is built on a weak foundation.


Be specific.  Don't generalize about several events, give a detailed accounting of one event.


A possible response for the question, "Tell me about a time when you were on a team and a member wasn't pulling his or her weight" might go as follows: "I had been assigned to a team to build a canoe out of concrete.  One of our team members wasn't showing up for our lab sessions or doing his assignments.  I finally met with him in private, explained the frustration of the rest of the team, and asked if there was anything I could do to help.  He told me he was preoccupied with another class that he wasn't passing, so I found someone to help him with the other course.  He not only was able to spend more time on our project, but he was also so grateful to me for helping him out.  We finished our project on time, and got a 'B' on it."


The interviewer might then probe: "How did you feel when you confronted this person?"  "Exactly what was the nature of the project?"   "What was his responsibility as a team member?"  "What was your role?"  "At what point did you take it upon yourself to confront him?"  You can see it is important that you not make up or "shade" information and why you should have a clear memory of the entire incident.


Don't Forget the Basics


Instead of feeling anxious or threatened by the prospect of a behavioral interview, remember the essential difference between the traditional interview and the behavioral interview: The traditional interviewer may allow you to project what you might or should do in a given situation, whereas the behavioral interviewer is looking for past actions only.  It will always be important to put your best foot forward and make a good impression on the interviewer with appropriate attire, good grooming, a firm handshake and direct eye contact.   There is no substitute for promptness, courtesy, preparation, enthusiasm, and a positive attitude. 



Welcome to Career Development Services - Green Careers

A significant percentage of today’s students have expressed a desire to work in careers that are good for the planet.  Even greater percentages have indicated that they wish to work for companies or organizations that are proactively reducing humans' impact on the environment or promoting its restoration. Given this tremendous interest, we have created Green Careers, a Website for students seeking to match their passion for the environment with a career that can make a difference.


What are Green Careers?

• Includes jobs that focus on environmental protection and preservation, regardless of the industry or place of work.


What are some benefits of Green Careers?

  • An exciting range of career paths

  • Interesting and challenging work

  • Excellent training

  • Long-term careers that make a difference to the environment

  • Good salaries and good progression opportunities

  • Opportunity to travel as more countries seek expertise in green issues

  • Includes those jobs that are not green until they are filled by people who are determined to make them green


Green Careers is organized within six separate sections, each containing specific and unique content related to exploring and entering a green career. 


Section 1.     What I Can Do Green With a Major In...? - Contains a list of majors that are offered through New Jersey Institute of Technology and how they relate to green careers.


Section 2.     Green Jobs -  Contains a database of green jobs and internship opportunities specifically for NJIT students and graduates.


Section 3.     Green Companies - Contains lists of companies and organizations that have been certified or highly recognized as being eco-friendly from multiple sources including, EPA’s Green Power Partnership, and or The Vault Guide to Green Programs.


Section 4.     Green Civic Engagement - Describes volunteer opportunities, websites, agencies, projects and internships available to students interested in green.


Section 5.     Green Academics & Research at NJIT -  Contains information and updates about the many existing and new green academic and research initiatives occurring at NJIT.


Section 6.     Green Podcasts & Blogs -  View green videos and podcasts relating to green initiatives, listen to green lectures, and view blogs.



What Can I Do With a Major In?

  • Bioinformatics

  • Business & Information Systems

  • Biomedical Informatics

  • Computer Science

  • Information Systems

  • Human Computer Interaction

  • Information Technology

    Students within the Ying Wu College of Computing Sciences can apply many of their skills and academic courses to green careers. Students interested in programming work to create software that helps to compute and manage energy consumption.  A growing field and industry within the computing arena is the development of green data centers where data servers can be stored in an environmentally friendly facility that uses less energy and helps with carbon emissions.  In addition, most environmental organizations require students with a high-tech computer background to help run systems, design graphics, manage databases, and create websites.  Students who focus on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Informatics can work in areas such biological data modeling and plant bioinformatics.  

Related Green Careers:

Bioinformatics Analyst Information Architect
Bioinformatics Engineer IT Hardware/Network Technician
Biometrician/Biostatistician IT Manager
Carbon Emissions and Energy Usage Analyst Modeling and Simulation – Green Energy
Corporate Climate Strategist Network Engineer
Database Application Specialist Open Source Developer – Green Initiatives
Energy Efficient Computer Systems Engineer Operations Research Analyst
Energy Management Software Developer Plant Bioinformatics Analyst
Environmental Data Management Support Analyst Remote Database Administrator
Environmental Modeling and Simulation Research Statistician
Environmental Technologist Software Developer
Geographic Information System (GIS) Analyst Supply Chain Manager
Graphic Designer Systems Engineer
Green Computing Developer Systems Programmer
Green Computing Service Technician Technical Standards Manager
Green Data Center Technician Technical Support Engineer – Environmental/Green Companies
Green Robotics Programmer Web Application Developer
Industrial Production Managers Web Master


Industries That Hire:

Biotechnology State Government
Colleges and Universities Federal Government
Computer Firms Scientific Research and Development Services
Computer Software Developers Utilities
Oil Companies Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing
Energy Machinery Manufacturing
Consulting Firms Pharmaceutical and Medicine Manufacturing
Laboratories Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing
Engineering Services Scientific Research & Development Services
Advocacy, Grant making, and Civic Organizations  


Web sites:

Climate Savers Computing   A site/organization dedicated to slowing climate change, one computer at a time.

Greener Computing   A website focusing on resources for environmentally responsible computing.

Greenbiz   This site connects to the business operations section of  It examines the latest news on companies that are integrating sustainable principles into their business and operations.

Re-nourish   A green website for the graphic design industry.

Sustainability   Hosted by the AIGA, the Association for Design, this site has information for the Center for Sustainable Design.

Wikipedia   The Wikipedia page for the new field of Biologically Inspired Computing includes research, trends, and resources for this field.

Green Careers Guide   Site offers green career categories with job descriptions, training required, training programs by state, and job listings. It also gives job search advice provided by


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What Can I Do Green With a Major In?

  • Biostatistics

  • Mathematical Sciences

  • Math Sciences/Applied Math

  • Math Sciences/Applied Statistics

  • Math Sciences/Math of Fin & Actuarial Science

  • Math Sciences/Mathematical Biology

Applied mathematicians, statisticians, actuarial scientists, and mathematical biologists develop and analyze mathematical models of complex real-world phenomena using available data to identify relationships and patterns.  To solve real life problems, they employ and develop techniques to collect and analyze data. They test, validate and interpret solutions to provide a better understanding of processes and develop optimal solutions. Actuarial scientists are concerned with the application of mathematical probability to the design of financially sound insurance and pension programs.  In a green economy and environment, information based on new living patterns and emerging research in various industries will provide career paths for professionals with a mathematics background.

Green careers can be found within each of these job titles:

Air Pollution Meteorologist Strategic Clean Energy Analyst
Biostatistician Mathematical Economist
Financial Engineer Logistics Analyst
Technical Consultant Software Design Engineer
Member of Technical Staff Marine Associate
Performance Analyst Quality Control Analyst
Project Scientist Environmental Mathematician
Research Mathematician Agricultural Economist
Reliability Engineer Equipment Designer

Green jobs can be found within the following industries:

Federal Government--Dept. of Defense

College Teaching & Research
NASA Oceanography
Banking Consumer Products
Consulting Services Agriculture
Scientific Research Healthcare
Utilities Biotechnology

Green Internet Resources:

Mathematical Association of America   Provides professional development and employment services, journal, magazine, special interest groups

Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics   Through publications, research, and communication, SIAM builds cooperation between mathematics and the worlds of science and technology. Areas of interest include academia, manufacturing, research and development, service and consulting organizations, government, and military organizations worldwide

Association for Women in Mathematics   Promotes career paths for women and equal opportunity in employment

American Statistical Association   Largest professional association for statisticians in the world.  ASA serves as the main clearinghouse for information about jobs, careers, and employment for the statistical profession

Career Corner Stone   Comprehensive career planning resource for students studying  science, technology, engineering, math, and computing

Sustainable Business   Provides global news and networking services to help green businesses grow. Rather than covering a slice of the industry, it offers visitors a unique lens on the field as a whole, covering all sectors that impact sustainability: renewable energy/ efficiency, green building, green investing, and organics

Association of Energy Services Professionals   Provides professional development programs, a network of energy practitioners, and promotes the transfer of knowledge and experience. Members work in the energy services industry and represent electric and natural gas utilities, public benefits associations, regulatory and non-profit entities, vendors, manufacturers and consulting firms.

American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy   Dedicated to advancing energy efficiency as a means of promoting economic prosperity, energy security, and environmental protection. Areas of focus include energy policy, buildings and equipment, utilities, industry and agriculture, and transportation

Green Careers Guide   Site offers green career categories with job descriptions, training required, training programs by state, and job listings. It also gives job search advice provided by




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