Developing a Winning Resume

Resume Formats

There is no "perfect" or "right" resume format.  The format you choose will depend upon the job you hope to find and your past experience.  Listed below are different resume formats.   Look them over and determine what format or combination of formats will present you in the best possible light.  Remember the purpose of a resume is to get you a job interview.  The interview gets you the job.

General Resume Guidelines

The following guidelines are just that-guidelines for what to include in a good resume.  Remember, your résumé's function is to obtain a job interview for you.  Use your common sense and imagination to highlight your background and experience in a well-focused resume.


A one-page resume works well for the recent graduate.  If you have an extensive work history, two pages are reasonable.   Remember individuals with extensive work history should limit information to what is pertinent to their current job objective.  If you do go to two pages, make sure that most important information is stated on the first page.


An organized, readable layout determines whether a resume is read.  Direct the reader's eye with the format.  Make sure it is well organized and concise.  Avoid dense text appearance that is difficult to read.

  • Consider using high-quality white or off-white paper.
  • Always type or word process your resume and have it professionally copied.
  • Make sure there are no typographical, spelling, or grammatical errors.
  • Information that has been crossed out or handwritten is unacceptable.
  • Make sure your resume will copy well.  Do a photocopy test.


  • Design your resume with a particular objective in mind.  Present information important to the objective first.  Edit.
  • List information in descending order of importance.
  • Be selective about what you include in your resume, but never falsify or exaggerate information.
  • Sell yourself-attract attention to your special abilities.
  • Concentrate on the positive and use action verbs to describe your background.

 Resume Inventory

The following categories are usually found on a resume.  These are suggestions.  You should adopt those that best fit your needs.

Necessary Categories

Personal Data

Make sure your name is the most obvious piece of information on your resume.  Also include address and phone number, with ZIP and area codes.  List a message phone number if you do not have an answering machine, and give an e-mail address if you have one.  It is unnecessary to include personal information such as age, marital status, or health.


An objective gives your resume a focus.   It also gives credibility and direction to your resume and suggests commitment on your part.  It should be specific enough to tell the employer the kind of work you seek, yet general enough to include the full range of jobs you will consider.  This will take some thought.  If the statement is so specific that it would eliminate you from consideration for other jobs in which you have interest, you might consider having a resume for each type of job (not necessarily each job).  Some disciplines require objectives; others discourage their use.


List your educational background in reverse chronological order starting with your highest degree and working your way backward.   Do not go back to your high school degree.  Listing your grade point average (GPA) is optional.  Dissertation and thesis topics are also included in this section as are honors bestowed at graduation time.


This category includes volunteer or intern experiences as well as employment.  Include job titles, employers, responsibilities, and dates.  Remember to list the city and state of your place of work.   Concentrate on the positive and use action works.  A statement of the percentage of college expenses earned can be included if you were self-supporting or nearly so.  You may include paid work experience, academic assignments of significant proportion, and extracurricular assignments relative to your desired field of employment, etc.  If your experience has not been relevant to your field of desired employment, you should still include a description of your responsibilities.  Strive to show growth or contributions you made while in each assignment.

Additional Information

Skills, activities, honors, awards, membership or committees, or in honorary societies, public service, or even language ability can be placed under this, or a more specific category.


It is acceptable to use the phrase, "Available upon request."  Be prepared with a typed list when requested.   Generally, a reference sheet will consist of the name, title, business mailing address, and phone number of three to five academic or business references.  Do not use relatives, friends, or other students as references.  Be sure to obtain permission from each person you plan to list.

Additional Categories

Qualifications or Technical Skills Statement

Qualifications or skills may be established from any prior employment, educational achievement, internship, volunteer experience, hobby, or community service.  For your qualifications statement, list your past in terms of skills you have acquired that are relevant to your résumé's objective.  This section is particularly helpful to those who are making a career change or for students whose major is not obviously related to the job objective.

Language Ability

You can list this section separately as part of the qualifications statement, or in the additional information section if there is a likelihood that this ability will be used by employers.  Specify the language(s) you read, write, and/or speech and your facility in each.


In the functional resume, your military experience can be included in the "Experience" category.  A chronological resume would list military either under a separate heading or in chronological order under "Experience."


List articles you have published and those which have been accepted for publication.


Give the employer insight into your professional abilities and training by listing the past and present research projects in your field in which you have participated.

Extracurricular Activities

Employers often look to extracurricular activities to indicate how you developed your interests and leadership abilities during college.  The extracurricular activities you list should include organizations in which you have membership and offices you have held.  You may also wish to include awards, honors, hobbies, and interests in this category.  Avoid listing controversial activities particularly those that are political or religious in nature.

Action Word List

The Web may give you access to job leads, but your success will hinge upon your ability to close the sale during the interview.

If the cyberspace boom has not yet compelled you to log on to the Internet, it should at least have grabbed your attention. If you are looking for a job, the Internet is an information superhighway system that gives you access to an ever-growing number of career, employment, and company sites with just a few mouse clicks.

At the Starting Line

Navigating the information highway is much like driving a paved one. Though you will encounter rush-hour bottlenecks, it's all about how you maneuver the I-way. First, you will need a computer, a modem, a communications program, access to a phone line, and an account with an Internet service provider. These are likely supplied for you (at no cost) on campus, at computer labs, and in residence halls.

Today, the most popular way to access the Internet is the World Wide Web (WWW). By using browser software such as Netscape, Mosaic, or NetCruiser, you can travel to countless home pages on the Web. These pages then can link you quickly to various locations with related data. You also can secure a little corner of cyberspace for yourself by creating a personal home page where you can invite visitors- including prospective employers- to get a peek at your career objectives, talents, and qualifications.

The quickest way to get to a Web site on the Net is to type in its "address," or Uniform Resource Locator (URL). But even if you don't know the address of your destination, you can get started by using a search engine. These are directories for the Internet that allows users to type in the subject or keywords in which they are interested. It then scans existing Web sites for a match. A popular choice is Yahoo! 

Usenet Groups

Usenet groups, also known as newsgroups or discussion forums, are devoted to a vast array of focused topics, including some on career and job search issues. Usenet group discussions tend to be more well-thought-out than those on chat lines and have standard behaviors-netiquette-that dictate communication. So, before you send a message or respond to a posting, spend some time reading a posting entered by other users.

Usenet groups can be a valuable forum to make connections with people, keep up with industry trends, access job listings, and post resumes. To read or post to newsgroups you will need news reader software. If you want to participate in job hunt discussions, check out

View the Net From the Employer's Perspective

Employers from corporate America to government agencies are increasingly turning to the Net. They are hunting actively for talent through employment bulletin boards, commercial resume data banks, and their own corporate home pages. A recruiter from Tandem Computers in Cupertino, Calif., says enthusiastically: "I love the Web. It gave me the solution I had been looking for - a fast and cost-effective way to direct computer-literate candidates to a database. We went live on the Web with our homepage in 1994. We post job openings, college recruiting dates, and other employment-related information; but most importantly, we give our homepage visitors an intimate look at Tandem."

Preparing Your Electronic Resume

You may choose to send your resume via e-mail or post it to databases located on commercial online services, bulletin boards, newsgroups, or mailing lists. Remember that the Internet is predominately a text-based (not voice/ video-based) tool. The first impressions you make during your job search are always the strongest, so it's critical that the application letter and resume you send via email immediately set the right tone for the reader.

Figuring out how to get discovered and stand out on employers' computer monitors is actually quite simple. The answer is, keywords! Today's Internet search programs leverage keywords. Pay attention to the job descriptions, skills, and talents the employer is seeking. Use these keywords in your application and resume so that they naturally fit the keyword searches a hiring manager would use when scanning the resume databases.

One successful Internet job seeker offers this advice: When applying for jobs online, don't send your resume as an attachment to an e-mail message. Create it in ASCII [plain text] and make sure it is clear and easy to read. Since the plain text does not allow you to do much with formatting and layout, it is doubly important to present your experience in a cohesive, orderly manner. I tried to leave the format as naked as possible, brought my most relevant information to the top of my resume, and used clear vibrant language."

Close the Sale the Old-Fashioned Way

Placing your electronic resume online is one thing, but getting a job is quite another. The Web may give you access to job leads, but your success will hinge upon your ability to close the sale during the interview. Since organizations put so much information on their Web sites, you can conduct your research in a fraction of the time you would use through traditional means. So there's really no excuse for not being prepared for your interviews. Be sure to give as much consideration to interviews which you have obtained through online job searches as you would to those received through more traditional means. And finally, follow up with a thank you e-mail.




Resume Review

 Need your resume reviewed before the career fair?  Get instant feedback on the content and format of your resume by having it critiqued by prospective employers and career services staff in time for the career fair. Advisors will be sharing information, and answering questions on how to edit and improve your resume. 

For resume writing guide click here or visit the career resources section of the CDS website.



Manufacturing Engineering

The Manufacturing Engineering program emphasizes industrial engineering applications to improve the competitiveness of the manufacturing sector of the economy. Manufacturing engineers direct and coordinate the processes for making things - from the beginning to the end. Manufacturing engineers work with all aspects of manufacturing from production control to materials handling to automation.




Related Career Titles for Manufacturing Engineering

Manufacturing Engineer

Manufacturing Manager

Process Engineer

Quality Assurance Engineer

Industrial Engineer

Manufacturing Technician

Design Engineer

General Manager

Team Leader

Production Planner

Production Operator

Mechanical Engineer

Product Engineer

Test Engineer

Systems Engineer

Engineering Manager

Program Manager

College or University Professor

High School Teacher


Stock Broker

Technical Writer

Technical Recruiter

Assembly Engineer 




Industries That Hire Manufacturing Engineering Majors

Aerospace Product and Parts Manufacturing

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, & Hunting Services

Building Contractors

Chemical Companies

Communication Services

Computer and Electronic Products Manufacturing

Computer Systems Design/Computer Consulting

Consulting Services

Electrical Equipment, Appliance, & Component Manufacturing

Employment Services

Engineering Services

Financial Services

Federal Government

State and Local Government

Investigation & Security Services

Medical Equipment & Supplies Manufacturing

Mining Services

Museums, Historical Sites, & Similar Institutions

Paper Manufacturing

Petroleum & Coal Products Manufacturing

Pharmaceutical Companies

Plastics & Rubber Products Manufacturing

Printing & Related Support Activities

Soap, Cleaning Compound, & Toilet Preparations

Textile Mills

Colleges and Universities

High Schools


Transportation Services

Transportation Equipment


Wholesale Trade

Wood Products



Web Sites for Manufacturing Engineering Majors

What is Manufacturing?

EngineeringNet - Manufacturing Engineering

Resources in the Career Resource Center


  • Career Advancement and Survival For Engineers
  • Job Opportunities in Health Care ’94
  • Careers in Science and Engineering
  • The Career Connection II
  • Job Opportunities in Engineering and Technology ’94
  • Job Opportunities in Business ’94
  • Career Information Center: Engineering, Science, and Technology
  • Career Information Center: Employment Trends and Master Index
  • The New Complete Guide to Environmental Careers
  • IEEE Working in a Global Environment
  • IEEE Writing for Career Growth
  • IEEE Presentations That Work
  • IEEE Building Internal Team Partnerships
  • IEEE Teaching on TV and Video
  • IEEE Starting a High Tech Company
  • IEEE High Tech Creativity
  • IEEE Starting to Manage
  • Green At Work
  • Job Opportunities in Business ’95
  • Job Opportunities in Engineering and Technology ’95
  • Job Opportunities in The Environment ’95
  • Job Opportunities in Health Care ’95
  • Environmental Jobs for Scientists and Engineers
  • The Complete Guide for Occupational Exploration
  • The O*Net Dictionary of Occupational Titles


  • All Majors
  • Manufacturing Engineering


What Is Networking?

Networking is the art of talking to people for information gathering. You need to be clear about how you’d like their help and clear about what you’re looking for. It is the most effective method for conducting a job search, cited 61% of companies polled in a national survey of employers.

Networking includes any activity for the mutual benefit of those in the interaction. Activities include the exchange of business cards, telephone calls, introductions, etc. Networking in earnest can provide initial leads that can be pursued by those involved. It is a tool that can help you throughout your career.

For more information Click here.




* Father, Mother 
* Uncles, Aunts
* Cousins
* Brothers, Sisters 

* Classmates 
* Teachers  
* Career
* Alumni
* Counselors

* Employers, Customers
* Colleagues
* Clients
* Supervisors, Suppliers
* Subordinates Competitors

Click here to go back to Resource Center home page...


Nursing students learn to provide nursing care collaboratively with other health professionals within complex health care system. Students will be prepared respond to the health needs of individuals, families and the community. Graduates practice autonomously as generalists in a variety of health care settings.


Related Career Titles for Nursing

Acute Care Nurse

Community Health Nurse

Mental Health Nurse

Neonatal Nurse

Correctional Health Nurse


Home Health Care Nurse

Laboratory Technician

Adolescent Nurse Specialist

Public Health Nurse


Nurse Practitioner

Hospital Administrator

Health Educator

Critical Care Nurse

Relief Worker

Trauma Care Nurse

Pulmonary Care Nurse

Emergency Room Nurse

Oncology Nurse

Head Nurse

Registered Nurse

Military Official

Neurological Nurse

Ambulatory Care Nurse

Occupational Therapist

Physicians Assistant

Oncology Nurse

Psychiatric Nurse

School Health Nurse

Brand/Product Manager

Nurse Anesthetist

Gerontology Nurse

Pediatric Nurse

College/University Professor

Spinal Cord Injury

Insurance Claims Administrator


Industries That Hire Nursing Majors

Public Health Organizations

University Hospitals

Consulting Services

Pharmaceuticals Companies

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

Research Hospitals

Nursing Homes

Search and Rescue Teams

Fire Departments

Federal Government

State Government

Laboratory and Diagnostic Services

American Red Cross

Peace Corps

US Army

Centers for Disease Control

American Heart Association

U.S. Department of Navy

Outpatient Clinics

Insurance Companies

Indian Health Service

National Health Service Corps.

Primary Care Providers

Medical Doctors Offices


Social Services Agencies

American Cancer Society

Physical Therapy Facilities


Web Sites for Nursing Majors


Resources in the Career Resource Center


  • Job Opportunities in Health Care ’94
  • The Career Connection II
  • Job Opportunities in Engineering and Technology ’94
  • Jobs You Can Live With
  • Job Opportunities in Business ’94
  • Career Information Center: Health
  • Career Information Center: Public and Community Services
  • Career Information Center: Employment Trends and Master Index
  • Job Opportunities in Business ’95
  • Job Opportunities in Engineering and Technology ’95
  • Job Opportunities in Health Care ’95
  • The Complete Guide for Occupational Exploration
  • The Princeton Review Guide to Your Career 1997
  • The O*Net Dictionary of Occupational Titles


  • All Majors
  • Nursing

Occupational Safety and Health Engineering

Students of Occupational and Safety Engineering are exposed to all of the principal areas of concern to the entry-level safety professional, including how technology and hazardous materials affect the safety of the workplace. Upon graduation, students are able to assume both the technical and managerial responsibilities of safety professionals.


Related Career Titles for Occupational and Safety Health Engineering

Environmental Safety and Health Administrator

Occupational Health and Safety Analyst

Environmental Salesperson

Safety Analyst

Environmental Sales and Marketing Analyst

Corporate Safety and Health Manager

Health and Safety Officer

Site Superintendent

Loss Control Consultant


Occupational Health and Safety Nurse

Project Manager

Health and Safety Manager

Team Leader

Safety Chemical Engineer

Quality Assurance Engineer

Safety Coordinator

Technical Writer


College/University Professor

Clinical Safety Associate


Industrial Hygienist

Management Trainee


Industries That Hire Occupational and Safety Health Engineering Majors





Transportation and Distribution Companies



Waste Management & Remediation Services

Wholesale Trade Organizations

Petroleum & Coal Product Manufacturers

Scientific Research & Development Services

Aerospace Product Companies

Building, Developing, & General Contractors

Chemical Companies

Local and State Governments

Federal Government

Consultant Companies

Computer Companies

Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing

Telecommunications Companies

Colleges and Universities

High Schools

Retail Outlets

Financial Investment Companies


U.S. Dept. of Defense


Personal Care Product Companies

Automobile Manufacturing Companies

Transportation Services

Engineering Firms


Web Sites for Occupational and Safety Health Engineering Majors

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

American Industrial Hygiene Association

EHS Network

Resources in the Career Resource Center


  • Career Advancement and Survival for Engineers
  • Careers In Science and Engineering
  • Job Opportunities in Engineering and Technology ’94
  • Job Opportunities in Business ’94
  • Career Information Center: Engineering, Science, and Technology
  • Career Information Center: Employment Trends and Master Index
  • Green At Work
  • IEEE Marketing for Engineers
  • IEEE Writing for Career Growth
  • IEEE Presentations That Work
  • IEEE Building Internal Team Partnerships
  • IEEE Teaching on TV and Video
  • IEEE Starting a High Tech Company
  • IEEE High Tech Creativity
  • IEEE Working in a Global Environment
  • Job Opportunities in Business ’95
  • Job Opportunities in Engineering and Technology ’95
  • Environmental Jobs for Scientists and Engineers
  • The Complete Guide for Occupational Exploration
  • The O*Net Dictionary of Occupational Titles


  • All Majors

Telephone Interviews

Sometimes the importance of the telephone interview becomes overshadowed by the attention given to the on-campus interview. Many employers screen job applicants over the telephone, and the number of these calls is expected to increase as they seek ways to reduce their recruiting costs.

Why Telephone Interviews?

Telephone interviews are used for three main purposes:

  • When you send a resume to an employer that is not interviewing on campus, a recruiter may conduct a telephone interview if your qualifications fit the employer's needs.
  • Recruiters often use the telephone for follow-up questions to students who already have been interviewed.
  • Finally, many calls are placed by managers or supervisors who do the actual hiring. After a recruiter interviews you, your resume is often given to all department heads who may be interested in employing you. Frequently, these managers will telephone you before extending an invitation to come for a site visit.

Preparing for a Telephone Interview

Usually you will have no advance warning before you receive a call. You may answer the telephone perhaps expecting to hear your mother, your date, or a persistent salesperson only to find yourself speaking with a recruiter who holds your future in his or her hands. Consider the following suggestions to be prepared for interview calls whenever they may come:

  • Keep a copy of your cover letter and resume handy.
  • Keep paper and pencil near the telephone at all times.
  • Be sure that everyone who answers your telephone understands you may receive an important, employment-related call at any time.

Doing Well on the Telephone

All Recruiters recognize that an unexpected call places some stress on the job applicant. Among other things, interviewers want to evaluate your ability to handle the situation in a calm, mature manner.

  • If you have an answering machine, be sure your message is clear, concise and reasonably businesslike.
  • Respond positively. Once you realize the call relates to your job search, make every effort to put yourself into the proper frame of mind to be interviewed. If there are distracting background noises, ask the caller for permission to leave the line while you close the door, turn off the stereo, tell others who may be present that you have an important call, or do whatever is necessary to give yourself privacy and quiet.
  • If the telephone rings at a time when it truly is impossible to hold a meaningful conversation, tell the caller that although you are eager to talk, you cannot speak freely at the moment. Ask if you may call back in a few minutes.
  • Listen closely to everything the interviewer says. Think through your responses as carefully as you would if you were sitting across the desk from the recruiter. Remember, too, to ask the questions you want answered and take notes.
  • At the conclusion of a telephone interview, the caller usually will explain what you should expect to happen next. If the interviewer fails to identify the next step, you should politely ask.
  • Before the interviewer hangs up, be certain you have noted his or her first and last name, title, and telephone number.
  • Be sure to thank the person for calling you


Professional and Technical Communication

Technical Communication is one of the fastest-growing career fields in the world. The Professional and Technical Communication (MSPTC) degree is designed to prepare students for careers in the rapidly growing field of technical communication. Students acquire an understanding of new communication technologies and media and learn to approach communication issues in a scholarly and professional manner.


Related Career Titles for Professional and Technical Communication

Technical Writer


Desktop Publisher

Web Page Designer




Graphic Artist

College/University Professor

Advertising Copywriter

Greeting Card Writer


High School Teacher

Marketing Communications Writer

Product Researcher

Customer Trainer

Media Designer

Account Executive


Multimedia Instructor

Art Director


Site Developer

Communication Manager

Project Manager


Flash Expert



Web Architect

Production Manager

Studio Manager


Industries That Hire Professional and Technical Communication Majors

Internet Companies

Marketing Firms

Computer Companies

Publishing Companies

Broadcasting and Communications

Media Companies

Pharmaceuticals and Medicine

Legal Services

Insurance Carriers and Related Activities

Federal Government

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation Services

Educational Services

Advertising and Related Services

Social Services

Consulting Firms


Employment Services

Engineering Services

Consulting Services

State and Local Government


Web Sites for Professional and Technical Communication Majors (CA)


Society for Technical Communication

Public Relations Society of America



Requisites for Global Careers

Global Leadership Career

Requisite skills and competencies are needed to compete in the global arena - whether for a public service or private sector career.  Michael Emery, Director, Division for Human Resources of the U.N. Population Fund, presented excellent information below about careers at the United Nations and skills sought by U.N. agencies.

  • Leadership Skills are Key
    Many organizations will not select you for an interview unless you exhibit a leadership role on your resume.
  • Networking Expertise
    The ability to build information-sharing networks, even as a student is required.  This will not only help you get your dream job, but also lays the foundation for career success.
  • Change Agent/Innovator
    Question yourself- how do I initiate change?  What is my impact on people in challenging situations?  Can I generate new ideas?
  • Courage
    Ask yourself -  What are my opinions on controversial issues?  Based on research and facts, can I discuss those opinions with conviction?
  • Humility
    Having a clear sense of self in relation to others is a a competency needed to ensure that you have the trait of unselfishness, important to the work of serving others.
  • Knowledge of Self
    What will make you happy in a job? Know your values and be able to articulate and be clear on how they relate to a potential job.
  • Awareness of your Emotional Intelligence (EI)
    Be aware of how you will use your EI to guide your thinking and behavior in a variety of environments?  Your emotions and the emotions of others.
  • Global Cultural Competence
    Familiarity with and exposure to cultures different from your own is a primary skill.


  • NJIT’s Career Resources Page
    Going Global:  a resource for world-wide job openings and internships by industry, and country-specific career and employment information
  • NJIT’s Van Houten Library
    Many databases to explore—Start with Business Source Premier for extensive info on markets, industries, and companies. See the reference librarian for help!
    Career opportunities in global health, humanitarian aid, and International development




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